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Analysis Of Yojana Magazine|May 2022| ”Holistic Healthcare”

Analysis Of Yojana Magazine
(May 2022)
”Holistic Healthcare”

Introduction

  • The COVID pandemic has taught us many important lessons. It has also made every one of us—from individuals to governments focus greater attention on health.
  • The government’s flagship scheme, Ayushman Bharat, is a laudable initiative which has brought ‘health assurance’ to millions of poor families.

What is Holistic Healthcare?

The holistic view of healthcare is not just the absence of illness but one that includes physical, mental and spiritual wellbeing and empowers an individual to reach his/her full potential.

What is Ayushman Bharat?

  • In 2018, India launched Ayushman Bharat 1 – one of the most ambitious health missions ever to expand universal health coverage, especially in rural and vulnerable populations.
  • This initiative has been designed to meet Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and its underlying commitment, which is to “leave no one behind.”
  • Ayushman Bharat is an attempt to move from sectoral and segmented approach of health service delivery to a comprehensive need-based health care service.
  • Ayushman Bharat aims to undertake path breaking interventions to holistically address health at primary, secondary and tertiary level.
  • The aim is to provide essential health services throughout the country, through the four pillars of this programme.

Four Pillars of Ayushman Bharat

Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs)

  • The National Health Policy of 2017 envisioned these centres as the foundation of India’s health system.
  • AB-HWCs provide free essential medicines and diagnostic services, teleconsultation, and health promotion including wellness activities like yoga, meditation, Zumba, etc.
  • ‘Fit Health Worker’ Campaign was also launched at these centres to enable the screening and early detection of non-communicable diseases in the Frontline-Health Care Workers.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)

  • Launched on 23 September 2018 in Ranchi, Jharkhand by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • It is the world’s largest health insurance/assurance scheme fully financed by the government.
  • It offers a benefit cover of Rs. 500,000 per family per year (on a family floater basis).
  • It will provide financial protection (Swasthya Suraksha) to poor, deprived rural families and identified occupational categories of urban workers’ families as per the latest Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data (approx. 50 crore beneficiaries).

Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission

  • On 27 September, 2021, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the nationwide rollout of
    the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) (earlier known as National Digital Health Mission).
  • Under the ABDM, citizens will be able to create their ABHA (Ayushman Bharat Health  Account) numbers, to which their digital health records can be linked.

Pradhan Mantri-Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission

  • Pradhan Mantri Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (earlier known as Pradhan Mantri Atmanirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana scheme) was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 October, 2021.
  • It argets to build an IT enabled disease surveillance system by developing a network of surveillance laboratories across the country & strengthening health units at the Points of Entry, for effectively detecting, investigating, preventing, and combating Public Health Emergencies and Disease Outbreaks.

Conclusion 

Holistic approach towards health should be the aim of ‘Swasth Bharat’, which will ultimately lead to ‘Sampann Bharat’ or prosperous Bharat. For achieving this, apart from increasing public spending on health, there is also a need to augment the health infrastructure at various levels through a public-private partnership.

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