High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People_00.1
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High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People

High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • GS Paper 3: Environment- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People_50.1

 

High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People- Context

  • Recently, India officially joined the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People at a ceremony held between the French and Indian governments.
  • India’s decision to join High Ambition Coalition (HAC) comes in the lead up to a high-level biodiversity meeting, hosted by China.
    • The virtual meeting will tackle key aspects of the biodiversity treaty to be finalized in 2022.
    • The global 30×30 goal is currently a centerpiece of the treaty.

WHO Global Air Quality Guidelines 2021-Impact on health and key changes

 

High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People- Key Points

  • Background: India’s decision to join the High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People was initiated at the “One Planet Summit” in Paris in January 2021.
  • About: High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People is a group of more than 70 countries encouraging the adoption of the global goal to protect 30×30.
  • Member Countries: High Ambition Coalition (HAC) members currently include a mix of countries in the global north and south; European, Latin American, Africa and Asia countries are among the members.
    • India is the first of the BRICS bloc of major emerging economies (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) to join the HAC.
  • Mandate: High Ambition Coalition (HAC) for Nature and People aims to promote an international agreement to protect at least 30 % the of world’s land and ocean by 2030.
  • Importance:
    • Help in resource mobilization- the cornerstone for implementation of policies and programs for conserving biodiversity.
    • India’s participation will boost multilateral efforts as India is a major player in biodiversity protection.

 

Global Methane Pledge

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