Analysis Of Kurukshetra Magazine: ”Health Linked Empowerment Of Women”
Empowerment and protection of women and children who constitute 67.7% of India’s population and ensuring their wholesome development in a safe and secure environment are crucial for the sustainable and equitable development of the country.
The prime objective is to address gaps in State action for women and children and to promote inter-ministerial and inter-sectoral convergence to create gender equitable and child-centred legislation, policies and programmes.
3 important Umbrella Schemes: Mission Poshan 2.0, Mission Shakti and Mission Vatsalya.
All 3 Missions will be implemented during the 15th Finance Commission period from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
Mission POSHAN 2.0
It is an Integrated Nutrition Support Programme.
It seeks to address the challenges of malnutrition in children, adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers through a strategic shift in nutrition content and delivery and by creation of a convergent eco-system to develop and promote practices that nurture health, wellness and immunity.
Poshan 2.0 will seek to optimize the quality and delivery of food under the Supplementary Nutrition Program.
Under the programme, nutritional norms and standards and quality and testing of THR will be improved and greater stakeholder and beneficiary participation will be promoted besides traditional community food habits.
Poshan 2.0 brought 3 important programmes/schemes under its ambit, viz., Anganwadi Services, Scheme for Adolescent Girls and Poshan Abhiyaan.
Poshan 2.0 focuses on Maternal Nutrition, Infant and Young Child Feeding Norms, Treatment of MAM/SAM and Wellness through AYUSH. It rests on the pillars of Convergence, Governance, and Capacity-building.
About Mission Shakti
Mission Shakti envisages unified citizen-centric lifecycle support for women through integrated care, safety, protection, rehabilitation and empowerment to unshackle women as they progress through various stages of their life.
Mission Shakti has two sub-schemes ‘Sambal’ and ‘Samarthya’.
While the “Sambal” sub-scheme is for the safety and security of women, the “Samarthya” sub-scheme is for the empowerment of women.
The Sambal sub-scheme
It consists of the existing scheme of One Stop Centres (OSC), Women Helplines (181-WHL) and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP).
Besides, a new component of Nari Adalats has been added as women’s collectives to promote and facilitate alternative dispute resolution and gender justice in society and within families.
The “Samarthya” sub-scheme
It is for the empowerment of women, consisting of existing schemes of Ujjwala, Swadhar Greh and Working Women Hostel.
In addition, the National Creche Scheme for children of working mothers and the Pradhan Mantri Matru VandanaYojana (PMMVY), which have been under the Umbrella ICDS Scheme till now, are also subsumed in ‘Samarthya’.
Children have been recognized by policymakers as one of the supreme national assets.
The objective of Mission Vatsalya is to secure a healthy and happy childhood for every child in India; foster a sensitive, supportive and synchronized ecosystem for the development of children; assist States/UTs in delivering the mandate of the Juvenile Justice Act 2015; achieve the SDG goals.
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
It is a Centrally Sponsored Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme, for implementation across the country with effect from 01.01.2017.
The maternity benefit under PMMVY is available to all Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers (PW&LM).