Global Roadmap to Defeat Meningitis by 2030_00.1
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Global Roadmap to Defeat Meningitis by 2030

 

Relevance

  • GS 2: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

 

Context

  • Recently, World Health Organization (WHO) launched the first ever global strategy to defeat meningitis—a debilitating disease that kills hundreds of thousands of people each year.

 

Key points

  • The Global Roadmap to Defeat Meningitis by 2030 was launched by a broad coalition of partners involved in meningitis prevention and control.
  • Its focus is on preventing infections and improving care and diagnosis for those affected.

 

Malaria Disease

 

Meningitis

  • Meningitis is usually caused by a viral infection but can also be bacterial or fungal. Vaccines can prevent some forms of meningitis.
  • It is leading to around 250,000 deaths a year, and can causes fast-spreading epidemics.
  • It kills 1 in 10 of those infected –mostly children and young people—and leaves 1 in 5 with long-lasting disability.
  • Symptoms: Symptoms include headache, fever and stiff neck.
  • Depending on the cause, meningitis may get better on its own or it can be life-threatening, requiring urgent antibiotic treatment.

 

Global Roadmap to Defeat Meningitis by 2030_50.1

 

Needed steps

  • Expand access to existing tools like vaccines.
  • Spearhead new research and innovation to prevent, detecting and treating the various causes of the disease.
  • Improve rehabilitation for those affected by this disease.

 

National Action Plan for Dog Mediated Rabies Elimination

 

Meningitis prevalence

  • Over the last ten years, meningitis epidemics have occurred in all regions of the world, though most commonly in the ‘Meningitis Belt’.
    • Meningitis Belt: It spans 26 countries across Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • These epidemics are unpredictable, can severely disrupt health systems, and create poverty – generating catastrophic expenditures for households and communities.

 

CRISPR to control growth of mosquitoes

 

Meningitis vaccine

  • Several vaccines protect against meningitis, including meningococcal, Haemophilus influenzae type b and pneumococcal vaccines.
  • However, not all communities have access to these lifesaving vaccines, and many countries are yet to introduce them into their national programmes.

 

Nipah Virus in India

 

Priorities of the global roadmap

  • Achievement of high immunization coverage, development of new affordable vaccines, and improved prevention strategies and outbreak response;
  • Speedy diagnosis and optimal treatment for patients;
  • Good data to guide prevention and control efforts;
  • Care and support for those affected, focusing on early recognition and improved access to care and support for after-effects, and
  • Advocacy and engagement, to ensure high awareness of meningitis, accountability for national plans, and affirmation of the right to prevention, care and after-care services.

 

National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC)

 

Goals

  • To eliminate epidemics of bacterial meningitis by 2030.
  • To reduce deaths by 70% and halve the number of cases by 2030.
  • The strategy could save more than 200,000 lives annually and significantly reduce disability caused by the disease.

 

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