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Global Partnership on AI (GPAI)- India to Assume Chair of GPAI

Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) UPSC Relevance

Global Partnership on AI (GPAI): It is an international grouping that aims to ensure human-centric development of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) is Important for UPSC Prelims 2023 (International Organizations) and UPSC Mains exam (International Relations and Science and Technology).

Global Partnership on AI (GPAI)- India to Assume Chair of GPAI -_3.1

 

Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) in News

  • India recently assumed the Chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI).
  • India’s Chairmanship of GPAI comes close on the heels of India taking over the presidency of G20, a league of world’s largest economies at Bali, Indonesia.

Artificial Intelligence: Need and Challenges

India at Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) Meeting 2022

  • The Indian Minister of State for Electronics & Information Technology represented India at the GPAI meeting to be held in Tokyo for the symbolic takeover from France, which is the outgoing Council Chair.
  • Minister reiterated India’s commitment to efficient use of AI for catalyzing innovation ecosystem around AI, that can create good, trusted applications for our citizens and the world at large. To this end, India has taken following initiatives-
    • National Programme on AI
    • National Data Governance Framework Policy- One of world’s largest publicly accessible data sets programme
  • He also highlighted that India is building an ecosystem of modern cyber laws and framework that is driven by three boundary conditions of openness, safety and trust and accountability.

India’s G20 Presidency- G20 Logo, Theme and Website Unveiled by PM Modi

 

What is Global Partnership on AI (GPAI)?

  • About: Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) is an international initiative to support responsible and human-centric development and use of Artificial Intelligence (AI).
  • GPAI Members: GPAI is a congregation of 25 member countries, including the US, the UK, EU, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, and Singapore.
    • India had in 2020 joined the Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) group as a founding member.
  • Mandate: GPAI aims to promote responsible evolution of AI and guide the responsible development and use of AI, grounded in human rights, inclusion, diversity, innovation, and economic growth.

Significance of Global Partnership on AI (GPAI)

  • GPAI is a first-of-its-type initiative for evolving better understanding of challenges and opportunities around AI using the experience and diversity of participating countries.
  • The GPAI alliance will look to bridge the gap between theory and practice by supporting advanced research and applied activities on AI-related priorities.
  • Global Partnership on AI (GPAI) works in collaboration with partners and international organisations, leading experts from industry, civil society, governments, and academia.

 

 What is the Potential of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for India?

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) is expected to add-
    • USD $967 Bn to Indian economy by 2035 and
    • USD 450–500 billion to India’s GDP by 2025, accounting for 10% of the country’s USD 5 trillion GDP target.

 

India’s National Data Governance Framework Policy (NDGPF)

  • The NDGFP aims to ensure equitable access to non-personal data and focus on improving the institutional framework for-
    • Government data sharing,
    • Promoting principles around privacy and security by design, and
    • Encouraging the use of anonymization tool.
  • It also aims to standardise the government’s data collection and management.
  • The NDGFP along with the envisaged Indian Data Management Office IDMO shall catalyse the next Gen AI and Data-led research and startup ecosystem.
  • The datasets programmes where anonymised non-personal data will be available for the entire AI ecosystem, also aims to boost the startup ecosystem.

 

 

Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) FAQs

 

  1. Who is the current chair of Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)?

Ans. India recently assumed the Chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI).

 

  1. Who was the last chair of GPAI?

Ans. France

 

  1. What is India’s AI Potential?

Ans. AI is expected to add USD $967 Bn to Indian economy by 2035 and USD 450–500 billion to India’s GDP by 2025, accounting for 10% of the country’s USD 5 trillion GDP target.

 

  1. When India became a member of GPAI?

Ans. India had joined the GPAI group as a founding member in 2020.

 

Artificial Intelligence: Need and Challenges

Artificial Intelligence: Need and Challenges

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