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Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)

Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Indian Constitutions- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

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Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)- Context

  • Recently, the United States’ aviation watchdog, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) started its five-day audit of India’s safety regulator, Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).
    • This is a routine check that is carried out every two to three years. This time it was delayed due to COVID-19.

Indian Polity


International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) program by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

  • Under this, the FAA determines whether another country’s oversight of its airlines that operate to the U.S. or have a codeshare agreement with a U.S. airline comply with safety standards laid down by the International Civil Aviation Organisation.
  • It will look into India’s ability to adhere to international aviation safety standards and recommended practices pertaining to-
    • Airworthiness of aircraft,
    • Operation of aircraft and
    • Personnel licensing.

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Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)- Key Points

  • About: The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is the regulatory body in the field of Civil Aviation, primarily dealing with safety issues.
    • The headquarters are located in New Delhi with regional offices in the various parts of India.
  • Mandate: DGCA is responsible for the regulation of air transport services to/from/within India and for enforcement of civil air regulations, air safety, and airworthiness standards.
  • Nodal agency for international coordination: The DGCA also coordinates all regulatory functions with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO).

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Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)- Key Functions

  • Registration of civil aircraft.
  • Formulation of standards of airworthiness for civil aircraft registered in India and grant of certificates of airworthiness to such aircraft.
  • Licensing of pilots, aircraft maintenance engineers and flight engineers, and conducting examinations and checks for that purpose.
  • Licensing of air traffic controllers.
  • Conducting an investigation into accidents/incidents and taking accident prevention measures including formulation of implementation of Safety Aviation Management programs.
  • Coordination at the national level for flexi-use of air space by civil and military air traffic agencies and interaction with ICAO for provision of more air routes for civil use through Indian air space.
  • Promoting indigenous design and manufacture of aircraft and aircraft components by acting as a catalytic agent.
  • Approving training programs of operators for carriage of dangerous goods, issuing authorizations for carriage of dangerous goods, etc.

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