Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP): Making Dams Robust_00.1
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Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP): Making Dams Robust

 

Relevance

GS 2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS 3: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

 

Context

  • Central Water Commission, Ministry of Jal Shakti, signed DRIP-2, a USD 250 million project, with the World Bank to make the existing dam infrastructure safe in the country.

 

Key points

  • The Central Water Commission as well as the government representatives from 10 participating states are also part of the loan agreement.
  • The loan amount is for dam safety programme and improving the safety and performance of existing dams across various states of India.
  • It will strengthen dam safety by building safety guidelines, bring in global experience, and introduce innovative technologies.
  • Risk-based approach to dam asset management is being introduced that is likely to transform dam safety management
  • It helps to effectively allocate financial resources towards priority dam safety needs.

 

Background of DRIP

  • In 2012, CWC and the World bank joined hands to improve safety and operational performance of dams. In India.
  • It was launched as a state sector scheme to strengthen the institutions with system wide management approach.
  • Originally the scheme was scheduled for six years and was scheduled to close in closure. It, however, got extended till June 2020.
  • It was recently closed and it has improved the safety and sustainable performance of 223 dams in six states and one central agency.

 

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP): Making Dams Robust_50.1Get free video for UPSC CSE preparation and make your dream of becoming an IAS/IPS/IRS a reality

 

Objectives

  • The scheme intended to rehabilitate the old dams in the country that are experiencing distress and are in need of attention for ensuring their structural safety and operational efficiency.
  • It also aims to strengthen the institutional capacity and project management in the concerned area.
  • It envisages greater awareness on dam safety issues and thus find novel solutions to address them by pooling best knowledge, technologies and experience available around world.

 

How DRIP-2 is different from its earlier version?

  • DRIP-2 will support flood forecasting systems and integrated reservoir operations that will contribute to building climate resilient structures.
  • It will help prepare and implement the emergency action plans to enable vulnerable downstream communities to prepare for resilience against the possible negative impacts and risks of climate change.
  • It will also undertake the piloting of supplemental revenue generation schemes such as floating solar panels.

 

Geospatial Technologies In Water Sector

 

Why such projects are necessary?

  • On an average, 4 among the 5 dams in our country is built 25- years ago.
  • More than 200 dams are over 100 years They were built at a time when safety standards were much lower as compared to today.
  • Several of these dams might be experiencing distress and need an urgent attention to remain functional.

 

Way forward

  • Dams are important as they support agriculture by providing water for irrigation, similarly, they provide water for generating electricity through hydro-electric power.
  • Moreover, they serve people by reducing the incidences of floods
  • Owing to such benefits, projects like DRIP can contribute significantly to the national prosperity.

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