Daily Current Affairs For UPSC IAS Prelims
Daily Current Affairs For UPSC IAS Prelims 24 January 2023: We bring to you ”Daily Current Affairs For UPSC IAS Prelims” based on the principle of updating UPSC CSE aspirants with Most Important Daily Current Affairs For Civil Services. These Daily Current Affairs are prepared by our team in Bit Form/Abridged Form to save the precious time of UPSC Aspirants without compromising the quality. In Today’s Daily Current Affairs For UPSC IAS Prelims, 24 January 2023, we are covering below mentioned topics: ‘de-facto CJ’, Bagh Hazarika, INS Vagir, Sabir Ali, Air Independent Propulsion(AIP).
‘De Facto Judge’
De Facto Judge In News
On January 24, 2023, Andhra Pradesh High Court Chief Justice Prashant Mishra has pulled up the vacation bench for behaving like a ‘De Facto Chief Justice’ and acting beyond its limits vis-à-vis its recent order on GO-I relating to curbs on public meetings on roads and highways in AP.
Recently, the AP state government had issued GO-1(banning rallies and meetings on public roads and highways) after the death of 11 persons in a stampede at Kandukur in Nellore district and in Guntur during the meeting held by TD chief Nara Chandrababu Naidu.
Prelims Bits On De facto judge
What Is A De facto judge?
- De facto judge refers to a presiding officer, who functions under the color of authority, but whose authority is defective in technical form.
- A de facto judge has the reputation of being a judge although s/he is not a judge in the eye of law. Mere possession of the office is not sufficient to make one a de facto judge – possession plus color of title to the office is essential. The official acts of a de facto judge are valid.
- A judge de facto differs from a mere usurper of the office and a judge de jure. An usurper of the office undertakes to act without any color of right, and a judge de jure is in all respects legally appointed and qualified to exercise the duties of the office.
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Bagh Hazarika In News
Recently, the Chief Minister of Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma indicated Bagh Hazarika was fictional.
Prelims Bits On Bagh Hazarika
- Ismail Siddique, popularly known as Bagh Hazarika, was a warrior celebrated for fighting the Mughals alongside legendary Ahom general Lachit Barphukan in the 17th century.
- Bagh Hazarika finds mention in the works of noted historians Bhuban Chandra Handique and Surjya Kumar Bhuyan.
- Surjya Kumar Bhuyan, in his Annals of the Delhi Badshahate, writes of “the Muhammadan Commander Bagh Hazarika whose military genius was partly responsible for the success of Lachit Barphukan‘s operation against Ram Singh (who led the Mughal army during the Battle of Saraighat in 1671)”.
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INS Vagir In News
- The Indian Navy recently received the fifth submarine of the Kalvari Class submarines, INS Vagir.
- The submarine has been built under Project-75, which includes the indigenous construction of six submarines of Scorpene design.
- The Commissioning of INS Vagir will be a major boost to Indian naval power.
Prelims Bits On INS Vagir
- INS Vagir is built by Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders with the help of technology transfer from France’s Naval Group. ‘Vagir’ means sand shark, which represents stealth and fearlessness, two qualities synonymous with the ethos of a submariner.
- The erstwhile ‘Vagir’ was commissioned on November 1, 1973, and undertook numerous operational missions including deterrent patrols.
- The submarine was decommissioned on January 7, 2001, after serving the nation for about three decades. Launched and named ‘Vagir’ on November 12, 2020, the submarine in its new avatar has the distinction of having the lowest build time among all indigenously manufactured submarines to date.
- New Vagir has the distinction of having the lowest build time among all indigenously manufactured submarines till date.
- The four Kalvari-class submarines commissioned earlier are: INS Kalvari, INS Khanderi, INS Karanj and INS Vela.
- INS Vagsheer will be the last one in the series to be commissioned, expected around March 2024.
- The submarine has the best sensors in the world, its weapons package include sufficient wire guided torpedoes and sub-surface to surface missiles to neutralise a large enemy fleet.
- The submarine can also launch marine commandos for special operations, while its powerful diesel engines can quickly charge batteries for a stealth mission.
- For self defence, it has a state of the art torpedo decoy system.
Kalvari Class Submarine INS Vagir Commissioned in Indian Navy
Sabir Ali In News
Sabir Ali, who is also known as Iron Man of India, passed away in New Delhi on January 22, 2023.
Prelims Bits on Sabir Ali
- Sabir Ali, who was born on April 19, 1955, won the decathlon gold at the 1981 Asian Athletics Championships.
- Sabir Ali became the third Indian to win Asian Athletics Championships decathlon crown after VS Chauhan (1974).
- During those days, when Daley Thompson was known as the ‘Ironman of Olympics’, Sabir was known as the ‘Ironman of India’.
- He used to break all the records in decathlon, particularly javelin throw and 110m hurdles.
|Decathlon: Decathlon is an athletic competition lasting two consecutive days in which contestants take part in 10 track-and-field events. It was introduced as a three-day event at the Olympic Games in 1912.|
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Air Independent Propulsion(AIP)
AIP In News
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Naval Group have reached an agreement to fit the indigenous fuel cell-based Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) system on INS Kalvari soon.
Prelims Bits On Air Independent Propulsion(AIP)
An AIP module acts as a force multiplier as it enables conventional submarines to remain submerged for longer duration thereby increasing their endurance and reducing chances of detection.
What is Air Independent Propulsion Technology?
- Air-independent propulsion (AIP), or air-independent power, is marine propulsion technology that allows a non-nuclear submarine to operate without access to atmospheric oxygen (by surfacing or using a snorkel).
- AIP can augment or replace the diesel-electric propulsion system of non-nuclear vessels.
- The indigenous AIP propulsion system developed by DRDO is a modular system that can be easily configured for any conventional submarine platform.
- Currently, the system is configured for P75 submarines which got the safety, interface acceptance and permission from the Submarine designer M/s NG France.
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