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Coal Mines in India State-wise Complete list General Awareness

Coal Mines in India

The Major coalfields in India are discussed in the Coal Mines in India article. This article discusses the list of Important coal mines in India state-wise and their prominent features and location.

Candidates preparing for various government exams must know about the list of coal mines in India or major coalfields in India. It is important for the general awareness section of various competitive or Government exams.

Coal Mines in India State-wise Complete list General Awareness_3.1

List of Coal Mines in India

Coal is found in sedimentary rocks beneath rock surface and is often called “Black Gold”.

India being rich in the ancient hard rocks is a reserve of various types of mineral resources. Distribution of coal in India can be divided in two categories:

  • Gondwana Coalfields: These are 250 million years old
  • Tertiary Coalfields: these are 15 to 60 million years old.

Coal acts as the source for around 67 % of total commercial energy produced in India. 98% of India’s total coal reserves are found in Gondwana rocks. The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha.

List of Coal Mines in India

List of Major Coal Mines in India State-wise is given below.

                 List of Coal Mines in India State-wise Complete List


Coal Producing States Name of Major Coal Mines Key Features of the Coal Mines
Jharkhand Jharia,

Dhanbad, Bokaro, Jayanti, Godda, Giridih (Karbhari Coal Field), Ramgarh, Karanpura, Daltonganj

Dhanbad – It is one of the oldest in Jharkhand and the richest coalfields of India.

Dhanbad is the storehouse of the best metallurgical coal i.e coking coal.


Giridih (Karbhari Coal Field)- It gives the finest coking coal in India for metallurgical purposes.

West Bengal Raniganj Coalfield,

Dalingkot (Darjeeling) Birbhum, Chinakuri

Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri– They are the chief producing districts.

Gondwana Coalfields

Chhattisgarh Korba, Bishrampur, Sonhat, Jhilmil, Hasdo-Arand Gondwana Coalfields
Odisha Jharsuguda, Himgiri, Rampur, Talcher Talcher – It Ranks 2nd in reserves after Raniganj i.e. (24,374 million tonnes)

Most of the coal is suitable for steam and gas production and utilised in thermal power plants at Talcher.

Gondwana Coalfields

Telangana/ Andhra Pradesh Singareni, Kothagudem, Kantapalli Most of the coal reserves are in Godavari valley. Non-coking variety is explored.
Tamil Nadu Neyveli Tertiary coalfield
Maharashtra Kamptee(Nagpur), Wun field, Wardha, Walarpur, Ghughus and Warora Gondwana Coalfields
Assam Ledo, Makum, Najira, Janji, Jaipur Assam coals have low ash and high coking qualities.

Sulphur content is high, good for metallurgical purposes.

The coal is best for making liquid fuels and hydrogenation processes.

Tertiary Coalfields

Meghalaya Darrangiri (Garo hills), Cherrapunji, Liotryngew, Maolong and Langrin coalfields (Khasi & Jaintia Hills) Tertiary Coal Field
Madhya Pradesh Singrauli, Sohagpur,  Johila, Umaria, Satpura coalfield Singrauli- It is the largest coalfield of MP. Gondwana Coalfields.
Arunachal Pradesh Naqmchik-Namphuk




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Coal Mines in India FAQs


  1. Which was the first coalfield in India?

Ans. Raniganj region of West Bengal was the very first coalfield in India where coal mining was started by the East India Company in the year 1774.


  1. Which category of coalfield have the most of the coal reserves of India?

Ans. Gondwana coal makes up to 98% of the total coal reserves in India.


  1. Which region have the most of the Gondwana Rocks?

Ans. The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha.


Ban on Coal in Delhi NCR from Jan 2023

Ban on Coal in Delhi NCR from Jan 2023

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