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C.V. Raman Biography- Early Life, Contribution, Achievements

C.V. Raman

Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman also known as C.V. Raman, was a brilliant Indian physicist whose significant contributions left an indelible mark on the scientific community. Born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, Raman’s early exposure to academics within an education-oriented family paved the way for an extraordinary journey of scientific exploration and discovery. One of his most celebrated achievements was the groundbreaking discovery of the Raman Effect. This accomplishment not only earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics but also secured his lasting place in the pages of scientific history. This article will delve into the life, career, and contributions of this exceptional scientist, shedding light on his remarkable journey and the profound impact he made on the scientific world.

C.V. Raman Biography

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, commonly known as C.V. Raman, was born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. A brilliant physicist, educator, and Nobel laureate, Raman made substantial contributions to the field of science.

Early Life and Education

  • C.V. Raman exhibited exceptional intelligence from a young age. By the age of 13, he had completed his secondary and higher secondary education, demonstrating a remarkable thirst for knowledge. Born into a modest family, his parents recognized his intellectual gifts and supported his educational pursuits.

Academic and Professional Achievements

  • In 1917, Raman accepted the Palit Chair of Physics at the University of Calcutta, where his genius flourished. His relentless pursuit of knowledge culminated in the discovery of the Raman Effect in 1928, a groundbreaking phenomenon that observed light changing its wavelength as it interacted with molecules in a transparent material.
  • This discovery revolutionized the understanding of light-matter interactions, with applications in various scientific fields. In 1930, C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his exceptional contribution to science, becoming the first Indian to receive this prestigious honour.

Scientific Legacy and Contributions

  • Beyond his Nobel-winning discovery, Raman continued to make remarkable contributions to physics. He served as the Director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and founded the Indian Academy of Sciences, fostering a vibrant scientific culture in India.
  • Raman’s passion for scientific research led to the establishment of the Raman Research Institute, a hub for scientific exploration attracting brilliant minds globally.

Legacy and Recognition

  • C.V. Raman’s influence extended beyond the scientific realm. He challenged colonial stereotypes and championed scientific development in India, leaving an enduring legacy. In 1954, he was honoured with the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.

Later Years and Passing

  • C.V. Raman continued his scientific pursuits until his passing on November 21, 1970. His life remains an inspiration, symbolizing unwavering dedication, the power of human curiosity, and the potential for brilliance to emerge from any background. His legacy continues to illuminate the world of science, with institutions, awards, and research initiatives bearing his name in recognition of his invaluable contributions.

Key Details of C.V. Raman

Here you can read in brief about C.V. Raman’s Full Name, Birth Date, Family, Wife, and award in the table provided below.

Key Details of C.V. Raman 
Full Name Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman
Birth date 7th November 1888
Birthplace Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu
Father R. Chandrasekhara Aiyer
Mother Parvathi Ammal
Spouse Name Lokasundari Ammal
Death 21st November 1970
Place of Death Bangalore, India
Discovery Raman Effect
Awards Matteucci Medal, Knight Bachelor, Hughes Medal, Nobel Prize in Physics, Bharat Ratna, Lenin Peace Prize, Fellow of the Royal Society.

C.V. Raman Awards

C.V. Raman, the distinguished Indian physicist, received numerous awards and honours throughout his illustrious career for his groundbreaking contributions to science. Some of the notable awards and recognitions bestowed upon him include:

  • Nobel Prize in Physics (1930): C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the Raman Effect, which demonstrated the scattering of light by molecules, revealing valuable insights into the interaction between light and matter.
  • Bharat Ratna (1954): In recognition of his outstanding contributions to science and education, C.V. Raman was honoured with Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1954. This prestigious award highlighted his role as a national treasure and a symbol of excellence.
  • Lenin Peace Prize (1957): C.V. Raman received the Lenin Peace Prize, an international award given by the Soviet Union, for his commitment to peace and his significant contributions to scientific knowledge.
  • Fellow of the Royal Society (1924): C.V. Raman was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1924, recognizing his exceptional achievements and standing in the international scientific community.
  • Knight Bachelor (1929): The British government conferred the title of Knight Bachelor upon C.V. Raman in 1929 for his significant contributions to science, marking a notable recognition of his global impact.
  • Franklin Medal (1941): C.V. Raman was awarded the Franklin Medal in Physics in 1941 by the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, USA, for his outstanding research in the field of physics.
  • Matteucci Medal (1928): The Italian Academy of Sciences awarded C.V. Raman the Matteucci Medal in 1928 for his distinguished contributions to experimental physics.
  • Honorary D.Sc. Degrees: C.V. Raman received numerous honorary Doctor of Science degrees from various universities worldwide, acknowledging his exceptional contributions to the scientific community.

These awards and honours reflected international acclaim for C.V. Raman’s scientific achievements and highlighted his role as a pioneering figure in the global scientific landscape. His legacy lives on through these recognitions, inspiring future generations of scientists.

C.V. Raman Contribution

C.V. Raman made a big discovery called the “Raman Effect” in 1928. This discovery helped scientists understand how light interacts with different things. It became very useful in studying molecules, which are tiny building blocks of everything. His work was so important that he won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930, making him the first Indian to get this special award. Apart from his discoveries, he also helped a lot in teaching and promoting science in India.

C.V. Raman Death

C.V. Raman, a famous scientist, passed away on November 21, 1970, in Bangalore, India. After a life full of amazing discoveries and contributions to science, he left us. Even though he is not with us anymore, his work and ideas continue to inspire scientists around the world.

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What did C.V. Raman discover?

C.V. Raman was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the Raman effect, in which light that passes through a material is scattered and the wavelength of the scattered light is changed because it has caused an energy state transition in the material's molecules.

Who was the first Indian to win a Nobel Prize in science?

The correct answer is Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. India's first physicist to win a Nobel Physics Prize in 1930, for his work on the scattering of light. The discovery of the effect was named after him (Raman Effect).

Who did C.V. Raman marry?

C.V. Raman was married to Lokasundari Ammal.

Who is father of Physics in India?

One prominent figure often referred to as the Father of Physics in India is Sir C. V. Raman.

Did C.V. Raman receive Nobel Prize?

Raman was awarded the 1930 Nobel prize in physics “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”.

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