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Biography of Bhagat Singh 1907-1931, Contribution to Revolutionary Movement

Biography of Bhagat Singh: Bhagat Singh was an influential Indian revolutionary and freedom fighter who played a crucial role in the country’s struggle for independence from British rule. He was born on September 28, 1907, in Banga, present-day Pakistan, to a Sikh family deeply involved in the fight against colonialism. From a young age, Bhagat Singh was influenced by the nationalist movements of the time, and he became actively involved in the struggle for India’s freedom. In this article Bhagat Singh’s Biography & Various Facts Related to Bhagat Singh Biography.

Biography of Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh, a renowned figure in India, is remembered as one of the passionate and fearless freedom fighters. He played a significant role in the Indian Independence Movement, dedicating his life at the tender age of 23. Bhagat Singh’s unwavering courage and selflessness made him a hero among the Indian population. He drew inspiration from the sacrifices of previous revolutionaries such as Ram Prasad Bismil and Ashfaqulla Khan, further fueling his determination to fight for India’s freedom.

Biography of Bhagat Singh Overview

The following table presents significant events from the biography of Bhagat Singh.

Bhagat Singh Life Important Events
Date Event
September 28, 1907 Birth of Bhagat Singh
April 8, 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw bombs at the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi to protest against the Public Safety Bill and the Trade Disputes Bill
April 23, 1929 Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt surrender to the police
March 23, 1931 Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev are hanged in Lahore Central Jail for their involvement in the killing of British police officer John Saunders
September 27, 2007 92nd death anniversary of Bhagat Singh

Who is Bhagat Singh?

Bhagat Singh, an Indian revolutionary and freedom fighter, met an untimely demise at the hands of British colonizers at the tender age of 23. Revered as ‘Shaheed (martyr) Bhagat Singh’, he holds a revered place as a national hero in India’s fight for independence against colonial rule. Even in his youth, Bhagat Singh played a crucial role in popularizing the iconic slogan of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ (Long Live the Revolution), which became a rallying cry for the Indian independence movement. His unwavering commitment to the cause and sacrifice continue to inspire generations.

Bhagat Singh Childhood

  • Bhagat Singh was born in September 1907 in the village of Banga, Punjab (now in Pakistan).
  • He was born into a Sikh family, with his father named Kishan Singh and his mother named Vidyavati.
  • Bhagat Singh’s family had a strong involvement in the Indian Independence Movement, and they were associated with the revolutionary organization called the “Ghadar Party.”
  • His uncle, along with other family members, participated in the independence movement and was inspired by leaders like Kartar Singh Sarabha and Har Dayal.
  • During Bhagat Singh’s birth, his father and uncles, Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh, were imprisoned for their resistance against the Colonization Bill of 1906 imposed by the British.
  • For his education, Bhagat Singh enrolled in Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School.

Biography of Bhagat Singh 1907-1931

  • Bhagat Singh joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) as a young man, dedicating himself to the cause of freedom and the overthrow of British colonial rule in India.
  • One notable event in Bhagat Singh’s life was his involvement in the bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. Although the bombs were meant to be non-lethal and symbolic, the incident created a significant impact and brought attention to the revolutionary movement.
  • The assassination of British police officer John Saunders by Bhagat Singh and his comrades was one of his most significant acts. This act propelled him into the national spotlight and made him a symbol of resistance against British oppression.
  • Bhagat Singh’s actions and unwavering commitment to freedom inspired numerous Indians to join the struggle for independence.
  • He became a martyr for the cause when he was executed by the British authorities on March 23, 1931, at the age of 23.
    Bhagat Singh’s sacrifice and revolutionary spirit continue to inspire generations of Indians, serving as a powerful symbol of bravery and determination in the fight for independence.

Bhagat Singh Freedom Struggle

Bhagat Singh was an iconic figure in India’s freedom struggle, known for his immense contribution and unwavering commitment to the cause of independence. He played a significant role in inspiring and mobilizing the masses against British colonial rule. Here is an overview of Bhagat Singh’s involvement in the freedom struggle:

Bhagat Singh Freedom Struggle
Events  Description 
Political Activism and Writing Bhagat Singh expressed his dissent against British imperialism through critical articles and socialist ideologies.
Formation of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) Bhagat Singh and his comrades established the HSRA, a revolutionary organization for India’s independence.
Emphasis on Armed Revolution Bhagat Singh believed in the power of armed resistance and engaged in activities against British colonial authority.
Kakori Conspiracy Case Bhagat Singh’s involvement in the Kakori Conspiracy Case, where revolutionaries robbed a train carrying government funds.
Lahore Bombing Incident Bhagat Singh and his associates were implicated in a bomb explosion during Dussehra in Lahore, protesting against British rule.

Bhagat Singh’s Revolutionary Movement

  • Bhagat Singh’s name is associated with the infamous Lahore Conspiracy Case.
  • Lala Lajpat Rai, a prominent freedom fighter, died during a protest against the Simon Commission due to injuries sustained during a lathi charge ordered by SP James Scott.
  • In retaliation, Bhagat Singh mistakenly killed another official named J.P. Saunders, leading to the Lahore Conspiracy Case.
  • Following the incident, Bhagat Singh had to go into hiding and change his appearance to avoid arrest.
  • Bhagat Singh was also involved in the Central Assembly Bombing Case on April 8, 1929, in Delhi.
  • Accompanied by Batukeshwar Dutt, they threw a bomb from the ‘Visitor’s Gallery’ in the Central Legislative Assembly.
  • Pamphlets were also scattered, and slogans of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ (Long Live the Revolution) were raised.
  • Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt did not resist arrest as they wanted a platform to convey their message.
  • The intention behind the bombing was to draw attention and make the authorities listen to their cause.
    Fortunately, no one was harmed during the explosion.

Role of Bhagat Singh in the Freedom Movement

  1. Bhagat Singh displayed a strong inclination towards leftist ideology and harbored a strong dislike for capitalism.
  2. Initially, he expressed his dissent towards the British government by writing critical articles, which he would print and distribute widely, aiming to inspire people to rise against colonial rule.
  3. The formation of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association marked Bhagat Singh’s entry into the realm of revolutionary movements. It was during this time that he embraced the significance of armed revolution and the use of explosives as means of resistance.
  4. Bhagat Singh’s involvement in the Kakori Case led to his first arrest. He was accused of writing a provocative article under the pseudonym Vidrohi, meaning rebel, which further intensified the authorities’ scrutiny of him.
  5. Additionally, Bhagat Singh faced allegations related to a bomb explosion during the Dussehra festival in Lahore.
  6. Though he did not directly participate, he was implicated in the incident, highlighting his association with acts of resistance against the British regime.
  7. Indian Freedom Fighter Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh in the Indian Constitution

Bhagat Singh, although he played a significant role in India’s freedom struggle, did not directly contribute to the drafting or formulation of the Indian Constitution. The Indian Constitution was primarily drafted by a Constituent Assembly led by prominent leaders such as Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Jawaharlal Nehru, and others.

However, Bhagat Singh’s ideals and sacrifices continue to inspire the values and principles enshrined in the Indian Constitution.

Bhagat Singh on Indian Currency

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has introduced a new Rs 5 coin to honor the renowned freedom fighter, Shahid Bhagat Singh. According to the RBI’s announcement, one side of the coin will be divided into three sections by two horizontal lines. It will feature the image of the Lion Capitol of Ashoka Pillar along with the denomination of Rs 5.

On the other side of the coin, there will be a portrait of Bhagat Singh, accompanied by the words “Shahid Bhagat Singh Birth Centenary” in English. The years 1907-2007 will be displayed below the portrait using international numerals. Importantly, the RBI has clarified that the existing Rs 5 coins will continue to be considered legal tender.

Bhagat Singh Indian Independence Movement

  • Bhagat Singh’s participation in revolutionary activities influenced the Indian independence movement.
  • He was actively involved in revolutionary groups fighting against British colonial rule.
  • Despite being imprisoned for various crimes, he continued his activism by writing and publishing nationalist newspapers.
  • Bhagat Singh’s execution at the young age of 23 for his involvement in a plot to kill a British police officer had a significant impact.
  • The murder of Lala Lajpat Rai, which Bhagat Singh’s plot was in response to, garnered national attention and further fueled the independence movement.
  • Bhagat Singh became a symbol of resistance and a hero in the fight for India’s freedom.
  • His sacrifice and martyrdom inspired countless Indians to join the struggle for independence.
  • Bhagat Singh’s legacy as a revolutionary and his commitment to the cause remains influential and celebrated in India.
  • He played a crucial role in awakening nationalist sentiments and mobilizing people against British rule.
  • Bhagat Singh’s actions and ideals continue to inspire generations and serve as a reminder of the sacrifices made during the struggle for independence.
  • His fearless and revolutionary spirit, as well as his writings and speeches, have left a lasting impact on the Indian nationalist movement and continue to inspire generations of Indians in their fight for justice, freedom, and equality.

Death of Bhagat Singh

At 7:30 in the morning on March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh, along with his comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev, faced their final moments as they were executed at the Lahore Jail. Throughout the procession to the execution site, it is believed that they courageously chanted their beloved slogans, including “Inquilab Zindabad” (Long Live the Revolution) and “Down with British Imperialism.” The execution took place on the banks of the Sutlej River, where their lives were tragically cut short, leaving an indelible mark on India’s struggle for independence.

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When was Bhagat Singh was born and died?

Bhagat Singh was born on September 27, 1907, in Lyallpur, Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan). He died on March 23, 1931, in Lahore, Punjab, British India (now in Pakistan), at the age of 23.

Who did Bhagat Singh killed?

In 1931 Bhagat Singh was hanged for the murder of Officer J.P. Saunders in the city of Lahore (then in India).

Bhagat Singh was inspired from whom?

Bhagat Singh was inspired by the ideas and teachings of several prominent figures, including Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Kartar Singh Sarabha, and his own father, Kishan Singh. Their revolutionary ideologies and commitment to the cause of freedom greatly influenced Bhagat Singh's own revolutionary journey.

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