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Battle of Wandiwash | Third Carnatic War

Battle of Wandiwash- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Battle of Wandiwash | Third Carnatic War_40.1

 

Background of Battle of Wandiwash

  • Seven Years War (1756-63) in Europe was a result of Anglo-French which also extended to India and resulted in the Battle of Wandiwash, also known as the third Carnatic war.
  • Seven years war was the result of Austrian aspiration to recover Silesia in Europe which renewed the Anglo-French Rivalry.

Battle of Wandiwash | Third Carnatic War_50.1

 

Events leading to Battle of Wandiwash

  • Seven years war: In 1756, seven years war broke in Europe, intensifying the Anglo-French rivalry but hostility in India started only in 1757.
  • Battle of Plassey 1757: British won the Battle of Plassey 1757 from Nawab of Bengal. During the course of war Britishers also snatched the Chandannagar (in Bengal) from French control.
    • This irritated the French in India who were fighting for dominance in India, leading the Battle of Wandiwash in 1760.
  • Battle of Wandiwash: Count de Lally led the French army captured Fort St. George and further attacked Britishers to take full control of Madras.
    • However, British forces under Sir Eyre Coote defeated the French army in the Battle of Wandiwash in 1760.
    • French in India lost Pondicherry, Mahe, Gingee and Karaikal to the British.

First Carnatic War | Modern Indian History

 

Battle of Wandiwash Treaty

  • Treaty of Paris: The third Carnatic war (Battle of Wandiwash) was ended with the Paris treaty in 1763.
    • Under the Paris Treaty, Chandannagar and Pondicherry were returned to France. However, they were barred from fortifying them or having troops in them.
    • French could only have trading activities in India.

Second Carnatic War

 

Significance of the Battle of Wandiwash

  • Ended French Aspirations in India: it is safe to say that the Battle of Wandiwash followed by the Paris Treaty of 1763 ended the French aspirations in India.
    • They were left with only a few areas and that too was to be used as only trading centers and not to be fortified.
  • Made Britishers the only Dominant European Power in India: Battle of Wandiwash was one of the key successes of the British East India Company that made it the dominant European power in India.

Battle of Plassey 1757: Background, Causes and Impact on Indian Polity and Economy

 

Facts about Third Carnatic War

  • The battle of Wandiwash was fought between which countries?
    • The battle of Wandiwash was fought between French Army and British Army to extend dominance over India.
  • When was the third Carnatic war fought?
    • The third Carnatic war was fought during 1757 – 1763.
  • Where was the third Carnatic war was fought?
    • The third Carnatic war was fought in the Carnatic region of South India.
  • Who won the third Carnatic war?
    • British won the third Carnatic war in the Battle of Wandiwash.

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