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Vande Bharat Mission and Operation Samudra Setu

Vande Bharat Mission- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Vande Bharat Mission and Operation Samudra Setu_3.1


Vande Bharat Mission- Context

  • Recently, the government released data about the success of the Vande Bharat Mission. It shows that as of 31.10.2021, more than 2,17,000 flights have been operated under Vande Bharat Mission and over 1.83 crore passengers have been facilitated.
  • Vande Bharat Mission (VBM) is one of the largest evacuation missions of civilians by a country.

SDG Urban Index and Dashboard 2021-22


Vande Bharat Mission- Key Points

  • About: During the global Covid-19 pandemic, the Government of India has undertaken the Vande Bharat Mission to repatriate Indian nationals and also to facilitate travel of passengers between India and various parts of the world.
  • Key Objective: Vande Bharat Mission aimed to bring back Indian Nationals to India who got stuck in a foreign country due to Covid-19 lockdowns.
  • Implementing Ministry: Vande Bharat Mission is being implemented by the Ministry of Civil Aviation in collaboration with Air India and its subsidiary Air India Express.
  • Funding: The operations under Vande Bharat Mission were commercial operations by the airlines and airfares were paid by passengers.
    • The Ministry of Civil Aviation has not provided any subsidy/grant for the Vande Bharat Mission.

District Good Governance Index


Operation Samudra Setu

  • About: Operation Samudra Setu is a program of the Indian navy to counter the impact of Covid-19. Operation Samudra Setu has been conducted in two parts- Operation Samudra Setu-I and Operation Samudra Setu-II.
  • Operation Samudra Setu-I: It was launched in May 2020 along with Vande Bharat Mission with an aim to bring back stranded Indian citizens from abroad during COVID-19.
    • Under Operation Samudra Setu-I, the Indian Navy successfully brought back 3,992 Indians home safely.
  • Operation Samudra Setu-II: It was launched by the Indian Navy in May 2021 with an aim to aid in fulfilling the oxygen requirements of the country.
    • Under Operation Samudra Setu-II, warships had been deployed by the Indian Navy to carry liquid oxygen-filled cryogenic containers.


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