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UPSC Prelims Bits For Today

World Summit of Information Society (WSIS) 2022

  • The WSIS is being organized by International Telecommunications Unions(ITU) at its headquarter in Geneva, Switzerland from 30th May to 3rd June, 2022.
  • The World Summit on the Information Society Forum 2022 represents the world’s largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community.
  • The 2022 WSIS Forum provided an opportunity to serve as a platform to track the achievements of WSIS Action Lines in collaboration with the UN Agencies involved and provide information and analyses of the implementation of WSIS Action Lines since 2005.


  • The Scheme for Residential Education for Students in Targeted Areas (SHRESHTA) has been formulated with the objective to provide quality education and opportunities for even the poorest Scheduled Caste students, as per the Constitutional mandate.
  • SHRESHTA has been conceived to provide access to high quality residential education to the meritorious poor students from Scheduled Caste communities, whose parental annual income is up to Rs. 2.5 Lakh per annum, at free of cost from class 9th to class 12th.
  • Under this, each year a specified number of meritorious SC students (Approx 3000) in States / UTs are selected through a transparent mechanism of a National Entrance Test for SHRESHTA (NETS), conducted by the National Testing Agency ( NTA ) .
  • Selected students are admitted in the Best Private Residential Schools, affiliated by CBSE, in classes 9th and 11th for completion of education till 12th standard.
  • Thereafter, the students may be connected to Post Metric Scholarship Scheme or Top – Class Education Scheme of the Ministry to continue their further studies with adequate financial aid from the Government of India.

National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC)

  • Incorporated in 1958 as a Government of India public enterprise, NMDC is India’s largest producer of iron ore.
  • Since inception, the corporation under the administrative control of the Ministry of Steel, has been involved in the exploration of a wide range of minerals including copper, rock phosphate, limestone, magnesite, diamond, tungsten and beach sands amongst others in some of the most remote corners of the country.
  • NMDC is considered to be one of the low-cost producers of iron ore in the world.
  • The Company is producing about 35 MTPA of iron ore from its major iron producing units i.e. from Bailadila Sector in Chhattisgarh and Donimalai in Bellary-Hospet region in Karnataka.
  • It also operates the only mechanized diamond mine in India at Panna, Madhya Pradesh.
  • NMDC is also setting up a 3 MT  integrated steel plant at Nagarnar, Chhattisgarh.

Government eMarketplace(GeM)

  • GeM is an online platform for public procurement in India.
  • The initiative was launched on August 9, 2016 by Ministry of Commerce and Industry, GoI, with an objective to create an open and transparent procurement platform for government buyers.
  • Created in a record time of 5 months, GeM facilitates online procurement of common use Goods and Services.
  • According to an independent assessment made by the World Bank, average savings for buyers in Government e Marketplace portal is about 9.75% on the median price.
  • Since inception GeM has shown impressive growth year on year with better prices, thus helping the state exchequer save substantial money.
  • In an analysis in the Economic Survey 2021-22, cost comparison of various commodities on GeM with those of popular online platforms such as Amazon and Flipkart showed that GeM prices were 9.5% lower.
  • 10 out of 22 commodities in the sample were cheaper on the GeM portal as compared to other platforms.
  • GeM is integrating with Panchayati Raj Institutions to allow online buying and selling by the Panchayats at the grassroot level.

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