Home   »   Current Affairs for UPSC Prelims   »   Current Affairs for UPSC Prelims

Today’s (25-05-2022) Prelims Bits|Important Current Affairs for UPSC Prelims

 (AMASR) Act of 1958

  • Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (AMASR) Act, 1958 provides for the preservation of ancient, historical monuments, archaeological sites and remains of national importance.
  • Revival of worship is not allowed wherever it is not practised at the time of protection of a monument.
  • The Act ensures that the character of the monument gets frozen when it becomes a protected monument under ASI. There is an option of 60 days during which an objection can be filed.

What is the Case related to the Qutub Minar complex?

  • The Delhi court was hearing a plea filed against an order of a magisterial court, which had dismissed a suit filed by advocate Hari Shankar Jain in relation to Jain deity Tirthankar Lord Rishabh Dev.
  • He had claimed that 27 temples were partly demolished by Qutubdin Aibak, a general in the army of Mohammad Gauri, and the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque was raised inside the complex by reusing the material of the temples.
  • ASI submitted that there is no provision under the AMASR Act under which worship could be started at any protected monument, clarifying that there was a typo in its submission, where it had mistakenly referred to the Qutub Minar as a “living” monument since 1914.

Other Recent Controversies over the AMASR Act

  • Concerns over the AMASR Act getting violated were also raised when recently J&K Lt governor Manoj Sinha performed a puja at the ruins of the eighth-century Martand Sun Temple in Anantnag.
  • Such concerns are also being raised in the context of disputes such as Gyanvapi, Mathura Eidgah making it to the courts. Both are not protected by ASI.

“FAME-2” scheme

– Government is actively working to support E-mobility in the form of several incentives, GST exemption, and FAME-2 scheme.
– The government of India rolled out National Mission on Electric Mobility, 2013 with the objective of developing electric mobility in mission mode.
– As a follow up, FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid & Electric Vehicles in India) Scheme was launched in 2015 for providing incentives to promote demand creation, establishment of EV ecosystem and infrastructure and development of technology through R&D.
– Second phase of this scheme (FAME 2), envisages to give a boost to EV industry with several interventions on the demand and supply side, including R&D efforts.
– Second phase aims to generate demand by way of supporting 7000 e-Buses, 5 lakh e-3 Wheelers, 55000 e-4 Wheeler Passenger Cars (including Strong Hybrid) and 10 lakh e-2 Wheelers.  However, depending upon off-take of different category of xEVs, these numbers may vary as the provision has been made for inter as well as intra segment wise fungibility.
– Only advanced battery and registered vehicles will be incentivized under the scheme.

i RASTE

– Artificial Intelligence (AI) powered solutions may soon make roads in India a safer place to drive.
– A unique AI approach that uses the predictive power of AI to identify risks related to road safety, is being implemented in Nagpur City with an objective of resulting in a significant reduction of accidents.
– The project ‘Intelligent Solutions for Road Safety through Technology and Engineering’ (iRASTE) at Nagpur will identify potential accident-causing scenarios while driving a vehicle and alert drivers about the same with the help of the Advance Driver Assistance System (ADAS).
– The project will also identify ‘greyspots’, i.e., by data analysis and mobility analysis by continuously monitoring dynamic risks on the entire road network.        – Greyspots are locations on roads, which left unaddressed could become blackspots (locations with fatal accidents).
– The system also conducts continuous monitoring of roads and designs engineering fixes to correct existing road blackspots for preventive maintenance and improved road infrastructure.
– The iRASTE project is under by the I-Hub Foundation, IIIT Hyderabad, a Technology Innovation Hub (TIH) set up in the technology vertical- Data Banks & Data Services supported by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) under its National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber Physical Systems (NM-ICPS) along with INAI (Applied AI Research Institute).
– The Hub is working to coordinate, integrate, and amplify basic and applied research in broad data-driven technologies as well as its dissemination and translation across the country.
– One of the primary aims is to prepare a critical resource for the future use by researchers, startups, and industry, mainly in the areas of smart mobility, healthcare along with smart buildings.    – What makes the iRASTE project even more unique is that AI and technology is being applied to create practical solutions, as a blueprint,  for  Indian conditions.
– While the initial rollout of iRASTE is in Nagpur, the eventual goal is to replicate the solution in other cities too.

 

 

 

 

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.