- GS 2: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes
- The Tamil Nadu government has proposed an urban employment scheme at a cost of ₹100 crore to improve the livelihood of urban poor.
- It will be launched on the lines of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).
- It is needed as the urban population in Tamil Nadu is growing fast and it would reach 60% of the total population by 2036.
Why such programs are needed?
- Towns are seen as the engines of growth rather than spaces where thousand toil to make a living.
- Few schemes like Swarna Jyanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana are available to provide urban employment in India.
- Smart mission and AMRUT benefits only fraction of the ULBs (Urban Local Bodies) and the majority of them could not reap the benefits under these schemes.
- Hap-hazardous urbanization and fast degradation of urban ecological commons like footpaths.
Steps needed to reduce urban unemployment
- Need urban employment guarantee scheme for urban areas as it will:
- Increase public investment in towns.
- improve quality of urban infra and services.
- restore urban commons like the footpaths.
- skill urban youth and
- increase capacity of ULBs.
- Capacity building of the unskilled workers is needed as the nature of the jobs is shifting towards semi-skilled and skilled activities.
- It can have a multiplier effect on economy
- Providing jobs specific to urban areas like
- building and road maintenance.
- green jobs like creation and maintenance of parks.
- cater to the care deficits by providing child care as well as care for the elderly and disabled.
- Need to give a statutory right to work and hence ensure right to life under Article 21.
- Skilling and apprenticeship program for educated but unemployed youths.
- To assist with administrative functions in govt offices, PHCs ( Primary Health Care), monitoring of environmental parameters.
- Will increase their ability and experience.