Tamil Nadu Wage Urban Employment Guarantee Scheme for Urban Poor_00.1
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Tamil Nadu Wage Urban Employment Guarantee Scheme for Urban Poor

 

Relevance

  • GS 2: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes

 

Context

  • The Tamil Nadu government has proposed an urban employment scheme at a cost of ₹100 crore to improve the livelihood of urban poor.

 

Key points

  • It will be launched on the lines of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).
  • It is needed as the urban population in Tamil Nadu is growing fast and it would reach 60% of the total population by 2036.

 

Tamil Nadu Wage Urban Employment Guarantee Scheme for Urban Poor_50.1

 

Why such programs are needed?

  • Towns are seen as the engines of growth rather than spaces where thousand toil to make a living.
  • Few schemes like Swarna Jyanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana are available to provide urban employment in India.
  • Smart mission and AMRUT benefits only fraction of the ULBs (Urban Local Bodies) and the majority of them could not reap the benefits under these schemes.
  • Hap-hazardous urbanization and fast degradation of urban ecological commons like footpaths.

 

Migrant Labour Crisis: Supreme Court Guidelines, Issues And Solutions

 

Steps needed to reduce urban unemployment

  • Need urban employment guarantee scheme for urban areas as it will:
    • Increase public investment in towns.
    • improve quality of urban infra and services.
    • restore urban commons like the footpaths.
    • skill urban youth and
    • increase capacity of ULBs.
  • Capacity building of the unskilled workers is needed as the nature of the jobs is shifting towards semi-skilled and skilled activities.
    • It can have a multiplier effect on economy
  • Providing jobs specific to urban areas like
    • building and road maintenance.
    • green jobs like creation and maintenance of parks.
    • cater to the care deficits by providing child care as well as care for the elderly and disabled.
  • Need to give a statutory right to work and hence ensure right to life under Article 21.
  • Skilling and apprenticeship program for educated but unemployed youths.
    • To assist with administrative functions in govt offices, PHCs ( Primary Health Care), monitoring of environmental parameters.
    • Will increase their ability and experience.

 

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