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National Financial Reporting Authority- Background, Formation and Key Functions

National Financial Reporting Authority- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Indian Constitution– Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

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National Financial Reporting Authority- Context

  • Recently, the National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA) has rapped ‘EY group firm’ SRBC & Co. LLP for failing to detect several problems in the IL&FS group’s transport venture while undertaking its statutory audit in 2017-18.

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National Financial Reporting Authority- Key Points

  • Background: Various corporate scams in the Indian financial system (for exa. Punjab National Bank) put the scanner on the role of the auditors and the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.
    • This led to the formation of the National Financial Reporting Authority by the government as an independent audit regulator.
  • Formation: NFRA (the audit regulator of India) was constituted in 2018 by the Government of India under section 132 (1) of the Companies Act, 2013.
  • Composition National Financial Reporting Authority: It is composed of one Chairperson, three full-time Members, and one Secretary.
    • The chairperson shall be a person of eminence and having expertise in accountancy, auditing, finance or law to be appointed by the Central Government.
  • Key Jurisdiction: Jurisdiction of NFRA would extend to large public companies that are not listed (threshold prescribed in the rules) and listed companies.
    • The central government has the discretion to refer such other entities to NFRA for investigation, involving public interest.

UN Glasgow Climate Change Conference (COP 26)

 

National Financial Reporting Authority- Key Functions

  • Recommendatory Role: NFRA Recommends accounting and auditing policies and standards to be adopted by companies for approval by the Central Government.
  • Monitoring and Compliance: NFRA is responsible for monitoring and enforcing compliance with accounting standards and auditing standards.
  • Ensure Quality and Professionalism: NFRA is entrusted with overseeing the quality of service of the professions associated with ensuring compliance with such standards and suggest measures for improvement in the quality of service.
  • Ensuring Prevalence of Public Interest: One of the key duties and responsibilities is to protect the public interest.

 

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