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National Family Planning Summit 2022- India Achieves Replacement Level TFR

National Family Planning Summit 2022- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

National Family Planning Summit 2022- India Achieves Replacement Level TFR_3.1


National Family Planning Summit 2022 in News

  • Recently, the Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare chaired the National Family Planning Summit, 2022.
  • She stated that India understood the importance of Family Planning early and went on to be the first country to launch a National Family Planning programme in 1952.


National Family Planning Summit 2022

  • About: National Family Planning Summit 2022 was organized to recognize the achievements of various states/UTs in family planning and create awareness about the importance of family planning.
  • Theme: National Family Planning Summit 2022 theme was “Sustaining efforts, Steering Partnerships, Shaping Vision in Family Planning – Sabka Saath, Sabka Vishwas, Sabka Prayas & Sabka Vikas”.
  • Organization: National Family Planning Summit 2022 was organized by Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.


National Family Planning Summit 2022- Key Initiatives

  • During National Family Planning Summit 2022, the Minister also unveiled the India Family Planning 2030 vision document and launched
    • The Medical Eligibility Criteria (MEC) Wheel Application,
    • E-Module of Family Planning Logistics Management System (FPLMIS) and
    • Digital Archive on Family Planning under the category of Digital Intervention.
  • To empower the community and show the Government’s unwavering commitment to providing inclusive services, ministry also introduced-
    • The National Family Planning helpline manual,
    • Community Health Officer (CHO) booklet, and
    • ASHA brochure and leaflet (Family Planning).



India Achieves Replacement Level TFR

  • India has achieved replacement level fertility with as many as 31 states/ UTs having achieved a Total Fertility Rate of 2.1 or less and modern contraceptive usage has increased substantially to 56.5% (NFHS 5).
  • NFHS-5 data shows an overall positive shift towards spacing methods which would be instrumental in impacting positively the maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.



Mission Parivar Vikas (MPV)- National Family Planning Program

  • Mission Parivar Vikas (MPV) 2016 has given further impetus to the National Family Planning Program.
  • National Family Planning Program: Under the scheme, innovative strategies like distribution of Nayi Pehel kits, Saas Bahu Sammelan and Saarthi vans are helping to reach out to community and initiate dialogues on Family Planning, healthy birth spacing and importance of small families.
    • More than 17 lakh Nayi Pehel kits have been distributed to newly-weds,
    • Over 7 lakh Saas bahu sammelans conducted, and
    • Over 32 lakh clients have been counselled through Saarthi vans since inception.



 Family Planning (FP) 2030 Partnership

  • About: Family Planning (FP) 2030 Partnership is a global initiative for family planning providing a space for stakeholders to convene, align, share knowledge, broker resources, and advance the field.
    • It is the successor to FP2020.
  • India’s Participation: As part of India’s commitment to this partnership, 3 billion USD has been invested in family planning.
    • Between 2012 and 2020, India added more than 1.5 crore additional users for modern contraceptives thereby increasing the modern contraceptive use substantially.


What is replacement level TFR?

  • According to the United Nations population division, countries experiencing below-replacement fertility- lower than 2.1 children per woman- indicates that a generation is not producing enough children to replace itself, eventually leading to an outright reduction in population.


NFHS-5 Report Released

NFHS-5 Report Released

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