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Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme | Police Reforms in India

Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme | Police Reforms in India_3.1


Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme- Context

  • Recently, the Union Government has approved the continuation of the umbrella scheme of Modernisation of Police Forces (MPF) for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26.
  • The approval for Police force modernization scheme for the period 2021-22 to 2025-26, moves forward the initiative of the Union Home Minister to modernise and improve the functioning of Police Forces of States and Union Territories.
  • Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) scheme comprises all relevant sub-schemes that contribute to modernization and improvement with a total Central financial outlay of Rs.26,275 crore.

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Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme- Key Points

  • About: Scheme for Modernisation of State Police Forces (MPF Scheme) is being implemented by the union government since 1969-70 for reforming the state police forces.
  • Ministry: Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for implementing the Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme.
  • Funding: The modernization of the Police Forces (MPF) Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme. Under the Scheme-
    • The States are grouped into two categories, namely Category ‘A’ and Category ‘B’ for the purpose of funding both under ‘Non-Plan’ and Plan.
    • Category ‘A’ States, namely, J&K and 8 North Eastern States including Sikkim will be eligible to receive financial assistance on a 90:10 Centre: State sharing basis.
    • The remaining States will be in Category ‘B’ and will be eligible for financial assistance on 60:40 Centre: State sharing basis.


Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme- Key Objectives

  • To gradually reduce the dependence of the State Governments on the Army and the Central Armed Police Forces to control internal security and law and order situations.
    • This is to be done by equipping the State Police Forces adequately and strengthening their training infrastructure.
  • To strengthen police infrastructure at cutting edge level by the construction of secure police stations, training centres, police housing (residential), equipping the police stations with the required mobility, modern weaponry, communication equipment and forensic set-up etc.


Modernization of Police Forces (MPF) Scheme- Key Features

  • Provision has been made under the Scheme for internal security, law and order, adoption of modern technology by Police, assisting States for narcotics control and strengthening the criminal justice system by developing a robust forensic set-up in the country.
  • The Scheme for modernization of State police forces has a Central outlay of Rs.4,846 crore.
  • To develop operationally independent high-quality forensic sciences facilities in States/Union Territories for aiding scientific and timely investigation through modernization of resources.
    • A central Scheme for the modernisation of Forensic Capacities with an outlay of Rs.2,080.50 crore has been approved.
  • A central outlay of Rs.18,839 crore has been earmarked for security-related expenditure for the Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir, insurgency affected the North Eastern States and Left Wing Extremism (LWE) affected areas.
  • With the implementation of the ‘National Policy and Action Plan’ for combating LWE, the LWE violence incidents have come down drastically.
    • To further pursue this accomplishment, six LWE related schemes with a Central outlay of Rs.8,689 crore have been approved.
    • These schemes include Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Most LWE Affected Districts & Districts of Concern to consolidate the gains.
  • For raising of India Reserve Battalions/Specialised India Reserve Battalions, a Central outlay of Rs.350 crore has been approved.
  • Central sector scheme of ‘Assistance to States & Union Territories for Narcotics Control with an outlay of Rs.50 crore has been continued.


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