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List of Major Sites in Indus Valley Civilization and Findings

List of Harappan Civilization Sites: List of Indus Valley Civilization Sites will provide valuable information about date of discovery, location of Harappan sites, and key findings at these sites. Indus Valley Civilization Sites are important for UPSC Prelims Exam (Ancient Indian History) and UPSC Mains Exam (GS Paper 1- Indian History- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.)

Indus Valley Civilization

The beginning of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) also marks the beginning of Indian history. The Indus Valley Civilisation (Harappan Civilization) is believed to have existed through its early years of 3300-1300 BCE. The Mature period of Indus Civilization is from 2600 to 1900 BCE.

The 1900 BCE – 1500 BCE period saw the decline of the Indus Valley Civilisation which coincided with a wave of migration of the Aryan people from the north, most likely the Iranian Plateau.

List of Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan Civilization

Harappa was the first Indus Valley Civilization Site that was discovered in 1920s by Marshall, Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni and Madho Sarup Vats. It was followed by the excavation of the Mohenjo-daro, near the Indus River in the Sindh (Sind) region.

List of Major Harappan Sites, their discovery, and Key artefacts found at these sites are mentioned below-

Year Site Discovered by Location Features
1921 Harappa Marshall, Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni and Madho Sarup Vats. Located in the Montgomery district of Punjab, on the banks of the Ravi River.
  • Granaries, bullock carts, and sandstone human anatomy sculptures
1922 Mohenjodaro R.D. Banerjee, E. J. H. MacKay and Marshall. Located in the Punjab district of Larkana on the banks of the Indus River
  • Mound of Dead
  • Great bath
  • Granary Bronze
  • dancing girl
  • Seal of Pashupati Mahadeva statue
  • Steatite of beard man
  • A plethora of seals have been discovered.
  • The most significant employment was agriculture. Cotton cultivation was pioneered by the earliest civilisation.
  • Domesticated animals included sheep, goats, and pigs.
1929 Sutkagendor Stein Dast river in Pakistan’s southern Balochistan province
  • Harappa’s and Babylon’s trading post
1931 Chanhudaro N.G Majumdar Sindh is located on the Indus River.
  • Shop with bead makers
  • a dog chasing a cat’s footprint
1935 Amri N.G Majumdar On the banks of the Indus.
  • Evidence of antelope
  • Rhinoceros’ evidence
1953 Kalibangan Ghose Rajasthan, beside the Ghaggar River.
  • Altar of fire
  • Bones from camels.
  • Plough of wood
1953 Lothal R.Rao Gujarat on Bhogva river near Gulf of Cambay.
  • The first artificial port.
  • Dockyard.
  • husk of rice
  • Altars of fire
  • Graveyard
  • Ivory weight balance
  • Copper dog
  • Chess-playing
1964 Surkotada



J.P Joshi Gujarat.
  • Horse skeletons
  • Beads
  • Stone Covered Beads
1974 Banawali R.S Bisht Haryana’s Hisar district.
  • Evidence of Beads, Barley
  • Both pre-Harappan and Harappan cultures have been discovered.
  • Toy plough
  • The largest number of barley grains
1985 Dholavira. R.S Bisht in Gujara, Rann of Kachchh.
  • Exclusive water management
  • Giant water reservoir
  • Unique water harnessing system
  • Dams
  • Embankments
  • Stadium
  • Rock – Cut architecture

The Indus civilization, also known as the Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, was the Indian subcontinent’s first known urban culture and one of the world’s three early civilizations (the others being Mesopotamia and Egypt). Sophisticated settlements and development of trade and society are the key features of the Harappan Civilization.

Check: All UPSC History Notes

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