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Kurukshetra(August 2022): SAGY, PMAY-G & SPMRM

Kurukshetra is a Monthly Magazine which is issued by the Publications Division of the GOI.

Kurukshetra Magazine is one of the most important and indispensable source for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation. Keeping this in mind, here, we come with ”Analysis Of Kurukshetra Magazine” on daily basis, which covers the monthly Kurukshetra Magazine in easy and smooth pointed form, keeping in mind the demand of UPSC aspirants.


Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)


What is SAGY?

  • Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is a unique scheme of the Ministry of Rural Development wherein, for the first time, the leadership, capacity, commitment and energy of the Members of Parliament are being leveraged directly for development at the Gram Panchayat level.
  • Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) was launched on 11 October 2014 with the aim of creating holistically developed model Gram Panchayats across the country.
  • Primarily, the goal is to develop three Adarsh Grams by March 2019, of which one would be achieved by 2016.
  • Thereafter, five such Adarsh Grams (one per year) will be selected and developed by 2024.
  • These ‘Adarsh Grams’ serve as ‘nucleus of health, cleanliness, greenery and cordiality’ within the village community and, become schools of local development and governance, inspiring neighboring Gram Panchayats.

What is the Role of MOP?

  • The role of Members of Parliament is that of a catalyst.
  • They identify the Gram Panchayat to be developed into Adarsh Gram Panchayat, engage with the community, help propagate the values of the scheme, enable the initiation of start-up activities to build up the right environment and facilitate the planning process.

What is the Role of DM?

  • The District Collector is the nodal officer for implementing SAGY.
  • The District collectors conduct a monthly review meeting with representatives of the participating line departments.
  • The Members of Parliament concerned chair the review meetings. The heads of the Gram Panchayats concerned also are invited for these monthly meetings.


Identification of Gram Panchayats

  • The Members of Parliament adopted 1,011 Gram Panchayats under SAGY-II (2019-24).
  • In addition, 703 Gram Panchayats across the country were identified under Phase-I of SAGY.
  • Further, 502 Gram Panchayats have been taken up under Phase II and 305 Gram Panchayats under Phase III for development under SAGY as on 29 December 2020.
l Year No. of SAGY GPs
1 Phase – I (2014-16) 703
2 Phase – II (2016-19) 502
3 Phase – III (2017-19) 305
4 Phase – IV (2019-20) 451
5 Phase – V (2020-21) 250
6 Phase – VI (2021-22) 146

What is Village Development Plan?

  • The Gram Panchayats adopted under SAGY prepare Village Development Plans (VDP) containing prioritised time-bound activities to achieve holistic progress of the village, through convergence of resources.
  • Under SAGY, VDPs have been prepared for 1,824 GPs and works are under progress.
  • In order to keep track of the progress of projects listed in the VDP, a Tracking Template has been developed and the progress is monitored online.

SAGY Awards

SAGY awards have been conceptualised and proposed to be given in the following categories:

i. Best practices

ii. Best Charge Officers

iii.Best District Collectors

iv.Best Adarsh Grams

What is MP Dashboard?

  • A new MP Dashboard has been created for the use of Members of Parliament with information relevant to their constituency/ state.
  • There are similar Dashboards available on saanjhi portal, for the state and district administration, for easy monitoring and evaluation.


Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G)


What is PMAY-G?

  • Pradhan Mantri AwaasYojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) is one of the flagship schemes of the Government of India launched on 20th November, 2016 which aims to provide “Housing for All” through the provision of pucca house with basic amenities to all houseless households and households living in kutcha and dilapidated house in rural areas by March 2024.
  • As on 27.12.2021, a total of 2.15 Crore houses have been sanctioned and 1.68 Crore houses have been completed.
  • Against the total target of completion of 44.09 lakh houses in the FY 2021-22, a total of 31 lakh houses has been completed till 27th December 2021.

Key Initiatives

  • The program is being implemented and monitored through end to end e-governance solution, AwaasSoft and AwaasApp.
  • AwaasSoft provides functionalities for data entry and monitoring of multiple indicators related to implementation aspects of the scheme.
  • These statistics include, physical progress (registrations, sanctions, house completion and release of instalments etc.), financial progress, status of convergence etc.
  • Since launch of the scheme in 2016, efforts are being taken to make the software more user friendly. New modules have been added in the software for making it more accessible and maintaining transparency in the implementation of the programme.
  • The major initiative taken by the Ministry in the context of introducing new modules in the Awaassoft is as below:
    • Landless Module – The scheme has also taken care of landless households in the permanent waitlist (PWL). The State Government must ensure provision of land to landless households on priority as they are the neediest ones. Further, to map landless beneficiaries in the PWL of PMAY-G and to capture the status of availing land or financial assistance for land purchase to the landless beneficiaries, a module on landless has been developed. The module captures the status of land provided to landless beneficiaries either financially assisted or provided land in physical.
    • E-Ticketing system – A Ticketing System is developed with an aim to resolve/quantify all issue received from States/UTs in technical/policy category whenever faced by them while implementing the scheme of PMAYG. A grievance redressal mechanism is in process of setting up at different levels of administrations such as Gram Panchayat, Block, District, and the State. Issues raised by States/UTs are to be resolved within a stipulated time frame for immediate resolution.
    • Adhaar Based Payment System –ABPS allows Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) to the PMAY-G beneficiary in his/ her bank account linked with the Aadhaar number of the concerned beneficiary for safe and authentic transaction.
    • Convergence Module- Convergence module has been developed to monitor the status of benefit availed by PMAYG beneficiary under other Government Schemes focusing on toilet construction, LPG, Drinking water, MGNREGA employment, involvement of SHG etc.
    • In addition to above, a training module on understanding the features of PMAYG, from design to execution, is also available on iGOT platform, which is an e-learning platform intended for capacity building of stakeholders of PMAY-G.


Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM)


What is SPMRM?

  • The Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission was launched by the Prime Minister on February 21st, 2016.
  • This is a unique programme, designed to deliver catalytic interventions to rural areas on the threshold of growth.
  • 300 Rurban clusters with thematic economic growth points, are being developed across the country under this Mission, with a funding support of up to 30% of the estimated investment for each Rurban cluster, given as Critical Gap Funding (CGF), while 70% of the funds is mobilized by the States through convergence with synergic State and Central programmes as well as private investment and institutional funding.
  • Upon being re-classified as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, the CGF is now shared between the Centre and the State in a ratio of 60:40 for Plain area States and 90:10 for Himalayan and NE States.


Mission achievement and Key activities undertaken

1. Spatial Planning:

Spatial planning is being carried out using remote sensing and GIS technology under SPMRM. Spatial

2. RurbanSoft- PFMS Integration and Geo-Rurban App

Real time progress is being captured under the Mission through RurbanSoft (a MIS platform under SPMRM). RurbanSoft has been integrated with PFMS to capture real time financial progress.

3. Dynamic ranking of Rurban clusters

They have been initiated on the basis of performance based indicators on RurbanSoft portal. This will enhance the spirit of competition among the States/UTs.

4. To strengthen the financial management system

A fund pooling mechanism at State/UT level is being implemented to reduce parking of funds at State Nodal accounts and also the progressive clusters need not wait for Ministry level fund releases.

5. Regular review and follow up with States/UTs

On engagement of resource at State Project Management Unit, District Project Management Unit /Cluster Development Management Unit professionals for Mission implementation.

6. Capacity building under Rurban Mission

Regular trainings are organised by the Program Division for all the key officials and professionals at the State and District levels.



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