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INS Khanderi- Scorpene Class Submarine

INS Khanderi- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Security- Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security; Challenges to internal security through communication networks.

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INS Khanderi in news

  • Recently, Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh conducted a sea sortie on one of the most potent platforms of Indian Navy ‘INS Khanderi’ during his visit to Karwar Naval Base in Karnataka.
  • For over four hours, the full spectrum of capabilities of underwater operations of the stealth submarine INS Khanderi was demonstrated to Raksha Mantri.
  • He also commissioned India’s first indigenous aircraft carrier ‘Vikrant’

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What is INS Khanderi Submarine?

  • About: Khanderi Submarine is a Kalvari class diesel-electric attack submarine that was under the Project 75 program of the government.
    • INS Khanderi Submarine was commissioned in 2019 by the Defense Minister of India.
  • Manufacturer: INS Khanderi Submarine was built under the ‘Make in India’ initiative at Mazagon Docks Limited, Mumbai.
    • Submarine Khanderi has been designed by a French organization Naval Group.
  • Key Feature:
    • Weight: The weight of Khanderi submarine is about 1775 tonnes.
    • Its deadly armament of torpedoes can hunt surface ships as well as submarines.
    • The torpedoes can be fired from six 21 inch tubes or SM.39 Exocet anti-ship missiles.
    • Khanderi will be useful for intelligence gathering and area surveillance operations.

India’s Kilo Class Submarines


What is a Kalvari-class submarine?

  • The Kalvari class submarine is based on Scorpene-class submarines built for the Indian Navy with diesel-electric attack capacity.
  • Defence Ministry of India approved Project-75 in 1997 that allows Indian Navy to acquire 24 submarines.

आईएनएस खंडेरी- स्कॉर्पीन श्रेणी की पनडुब्बी

What are the Scorpene-class submarines?

  • The Scorpene-class submarines are extremely potent platforms.
  • Scorpene-class submarines have advanced stealth features and are equipped with both long range guided torpedoes as well as anti-ship missiles.
  • Scorpene-class submarines have a state-of-the-art SONAR and sensor suite permitting outstanding operational capabilities.


Project-75: Key Points 

  • About: Under Project 75, six Scorpene-class submarines are to be constructed for the Indian Navy by the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited (MDL).
    • Scorpene-class submarines are next-generation diesel submarines.
  • Present status of Six Scorpene-class Submarines under Project 75:
    • INS Kalvar: It was launched in October 2015 and was commissioned in December 2017 – five years behind schedule.
    • INS Khanderi: It was launched in January 2017 for trials and commissioned in September 2019.
    • INS Karanj: It was launched in January 2018 and commissioned on March 10, 2021.
    • INS Vela: was launched in May 2019 and inducted recently.
    • INS Vagir: It was launched in November 2020 and has commenced harbour trials. It is expected to go for its maiden surface sortie in December 2021.
    • INS Vagsheer: It is in the advanced stage of outfitting.
  • Promoting Atmanirbhar Bharat: These Submarines are to be constructed under technology transfer from and in collaboration with the Naval Group of France.

INS Vela- Fourth Scorpene Class Submarine


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