India's Agricultural Export- Changing the Agri Exports Basket_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   Indian Agricultural Exports

India’s Agricultural Export- Changing the Agri Exports Basket

India’s Agricultural Export- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Indian Agriculture- Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints.
    • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

India's Agricultural Export- Changing the Agri Exports Basket_50.1

Get free video for UPSC CSE preparation and make your dream of becoming an IAS/IPS/IRS a reality

 

India’s Agricultural Export- Background

  • India has the potential to become a global leader in the food processing sector. The Indian government has been encouraging agricultural exports to meet an ambitious target of $60bn by 2022.
  • Present status: From 2015-16 to 2019-20, the value of agricultural and processed food increased significantly from $17.8bn to $20.65bn.

FSSAI’s State Food Safety Index 2021

 

India’s Agricultural Export- Changing Agri Exports Basket

  • A shift from primary to secondary agriculture: where focus is on developing various processed foods.
    • The Indian food processing industry promises high economic growth and makes good profits.
  • Change in India’s Agri-export basket: There have been many changes for example-
    • From basmati rice to the export of non-basmati rice: In 2020-21, India exported 13.09 million tonnes of non-basmati rice ($4.8bn), up from an average 6.9 million tonnes ($2.7bn) in the previous five years.
    • Strong demand for Indian Buffalo meat in recent years: especially in countries like Vietnam, Hong Kong, and Indonesia.
    • In 2020-21, the export of poultry, sheep and goat meat, cashew kernels, groundnuts, guar gum, and cocoa products went down in terms of value and total quantity.

UN Glasgow Climate Change Conference (COP 26)

 

India’s Agricultural Export- Challenges faced by Agri-Exporters

  • Low contribution in India’s total exports: Ministry of Food Processing Industries shows that the contribution of agricultural and processed food products in India’s total exports is 11%.
    • India’s Agri-export is majorly dominated by Primary processed agricultural commodities.
  • Difficulty faced by Indian processed food exporters: some of them are listed below-
    • Non-tariff measures are imposed by other countries on Indian exports.
    • Mandatory pre-shipment examination by the Export Inspection Agency being lengthy and costly;
    • Compulsory spice board certification being needed even for ready-to-eat products which contain spices in small quantities;
    • Lack of strategic planning of exports by most State;
    • Lack of a predictable and consistent agricultural policy discouraging investments by the private sector;
    • Prohibition of import of meat- and dairy based-products in most of the developed countries;
    • Withdrawal of the Generalized System of Preference by the U.S. for import of processed food from India;
    • Export shipments to the U.S. requiring an additional health certificate; and
    • The absence of an equivalency agreement with developed countries for organic produce.

Rail Kaushal Vikas Yojana

 

India’s Agricultural Export- Way Forwards

  • Increasing share of Agricultural export in total exports: This can be done by focusing more on value-added processed food products rather than primary processed agricultural commodities.
  • Redefine the Agriculture Export Policy: The main objective of the policy is to diversify and expand the export basket so that instead of primary products, the export of higher value items, including perishables and processed food, be increased. The Centre government should
    • Nurture food processing companies,
    • Ensure low cost of production and global food quality standards, and
    • Create a supportive environment to promote the export of processed food.
  • Promoting Processed food: Reputed Indian brands should be encouraged to export processed foods globally as they can comply with the global standard of the codex.
    • Indian companies should focus on cost competitiveness, global food quality standards, technology, and tap the global processed food export market.
    • India has competitive advantages in various agricultural commodities which can be passed onto processed foods.

 

IMD and Weather Forecast in India

Sharing is caring!

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?