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India-Australia Virtual Summit

India-Australia Virtual Summit- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International RelationsBilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

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India-Australia Virtual Summit in news

  • Prime Minister of India and Prime Minister of Australia held the 2nd India-Australia Virtual Summit.
  • During the 2nd India-Australia Virtual Summit, they reviewed the multi-faceted relationship between the two countries and exchanged views on regional and global developments.

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2nd India-Australia Virtual Summit

  • India expressed its condolences on the destruction caused by severe flooding in New South Wales and Queensland and the resultant loss of lives.
  • Return of Ancient Artefacts to India: Indian PM thanked Australia for the special gesture in returning 29 ancient artefacts to India. The artefacts include-
    • 12th century Chola bronzes,
    • 11th-12th century Jain sculptures from Rajasthan,
    • 12th-13th century sandstone Goddess Mahisasuramardini from Gujarat,
    • 18th-19th century paintings and
    • Early gelatin silver photographs.
  • On Comprehensive Strategic Partnership: Both the leaders expressed satisfaction at the progress made under the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership established during the 1st Virtual Summit in June 2020.
  • Diverse Areas of Cooperation: Indian Prime Minister also expressed his satisfaction at the enhanced scope of the relationship which now covers diverse areas such as-
    • Trade and investments,
    • Defence and security,
    • Education and innovation,
    • Science and technology,
    • Critical minerals,
    • Water management,
    • New and renewable energy technology,
    • Covid-19 related research, etc.
  • On Indo-Pacific: Increasing strategic convergence between the two countries as fellow democracies with shared values and common interests, which include a free, open, inclusive, and prosperous Indo-Pacific.
  • Future Commitments: Joint statement of the Second India-Australia Virtual Summit included-
    • Commitments of Deepening Comprehensive Strategic Partnership.
    • Establishing annual summits between the Prime Ministers under the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership.

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Key Facts about India-Australia Virtual Summit

  • About: the first India-Australia Virtual Summit was held in June 2020 in the backdrop of the COVID-19 Pandemic.
  • Aim: India-Australia Virtual Summit aims to deepen and expand the horizon of India-Australia Relations.
  • Key Outcomes:
    • At the first India-Australia Virtual Summit, both countries had elevated their relationship to a comprehensive strategic partnership.
      • India has signed CSPs with the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Vietnam and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) so far.
      • On the other hand, Australia has CSPs with China, Indonesia and Singapore.
    • During the first India-Australia Virtual Summit, multiple MoUs were signed in various fields, including mining, cyber technology, public administration, defence cooperation and water resource management.

India-Australia 2+2 Meeting

India-Australia 2+2 Meeting

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