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Green India Mission (GIM)

Green India Mission- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

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ग्रीन इंडिया मिशन (जीआईएम)

Green India Mission in News

  • The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO), NITI Aayog, Government of India, has conducted the Evaluation of the National Mission for a Green India (Green India Mission) in 2020-21.
    • Evaluation of the National India Mission was conducted on aspects such as Relevance, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Sustainability, Impacts and Equity within the scheme.
  • NITI Aayog has further recommended the continuation of the National Mission for a Green India scheme.

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Key Points about National Mission for a Green India

  • About: National Mission for a Green India (GIM), also known as Green India Mission, is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
  • Mandate: Green India Mission aims at protecting, restoring, and enhancing India’s forest cover and responding to Climate Change.
    • GIM also aims to conserve, restore and enhance the decreasing forest cover of India, with a combination of adaptation and mitigation strategies to react to climate change.
  • Target: The target under the Green India Mission is 10 m ha on forest and non-forest lands for increasing the forest/tree cover and improving the quality of the existing forests.
  • Implementing Agencies at Various Levels:
    • National Level: Ministry of Environment and Forests is entrusted with the implementation of the Green India Mission (GIM).
    • State-Level: The State Forest Development Agency guides the mission at the state level.
    • District level: At the district level, the implementation is to be done by the Forest Development Agency.
    • Local-level: The gram sabha and various committees are the key institutions for planning and implementation at the village level.
    • Urban areas: The ward level committees like Residents Welfare Association (RWA) linked to the municipality/municipal corporations will facilitate planning and implementation under the mission.

Green Hydrogen Production in India: Scaling-up Alkaline Electrolyser technology


Key Targets under Green India Mission (GIM)

  • Targets: Growth in forest or tree cover to 5 million hectares (mha) and increase the quality of forest cover in another 5 million hectares of forest or non-forest lands. Sub-targets include-
    • Increase the quality of degrading moderately dense forests – 1.5 million hectares (ha).
    • Ecologically restore open forests which are being degraded – 3 million hectares (ha)
    • Grasslands revival – 0.4 million hectares
    • Wetlands revival – 0.10 million hectares
    • Ecological restoration of shifting cultivation areas, mangroves, scrub, ravines, cold deserts, & abandoned mining areas – 1.8 million hectares with different sub-targets.
    • Increase in forest cover in urban areas and its outskirts – 0.20 million hectares.
  • Increase in forest and tree cover on marginal agricultural lands/fallows and other non-forest lands which comes under agroforestry – 3 million hectares.
  • Increase forest-based livelihood income for about 3 million households in and around these forest areas.
  • Increase Carbon Dioxide sequestration to a range of 50 to 60 million tonnes by 2020.

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

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