UPSC Exam   »   National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)   »   National Mission for a Green India

Green India Mission (GIM)

Green India Mission- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Green India Mission (GIM)_40.1

ग्रीन इंडिया मिशन (जीआईएम)

Green India Mission in News

  • The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO), NITI Aayog, Government of India, has conducted the Evaluation of the National Mission for a Green India (Green India Mission) in 2020-21.
    • Evaluation of the National India Mission was conducted on aspects such as Relevance, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Sustainability, Impacts and Equity within the scheme.
  • NITI Aayog has further recommended the continuation of the National Mission for a Green India scheme.

Green India Mission (GIM)_50.1

 

Key Points about National Mission for a Green India

  • About: National Mission for a Green India (GIM), also known as Green India Mission, is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
  • Mandate: Green India Mission aims at protecting, restoring, and enhancing India’s forest cover and responding to Climate Change.
    • GIM also aims to conserve, restore and enhance the decreasing forest cover of India, with a combination of adaptation and mitigation strategies to react to climate change.
  • Target: The target under the Green India Mission is 10 m ha on forest and non-forest lands for increasing the forest/tree cover and improving the quality of the existing forests.
  • Implementing Agencies at Various Levels:
    • National Level: Ministry of Environment and Forests is entrusted with the implementation of the Green India Mission (GIM).
    • State-Level: The State Forest Development Agency guides the mission at the state level.
    • District level: At the district level, the implementation is to be done by the Forest Development Agency.
    • Local-level: The gram sabha and various committees are the key institutions for planning and implementation at the village level.
    • Urban areas: The ward level committees like Residents Welfare Association (RWA) linked to the municipality/municipal corporations will facilitate planning and implementation under the mission.

Green Hydrogen Production in India: Scaling-up Alkaline Electrolyser technology

 

Key Targets under Green India Mission (GIM)

  • Targets: Growth in forest or tree cover to 5 million hectares (mha) and increase the quality of forest cover in another 5 million hectares of forest or non-forest lands. Sub-targets include-
    • Increase the quality of degrading moderately dense forests – 1.5 million hectares (ha).
    • Ecologically restore open forests which are being degraded – 3 million hectares (ha)
    • Grasslands revival – 0.4 million hectares
    • Wetlands revival – 0.10 million hectares
    • Ecological restoration of shifting cultivation areas, mangroves, scrub, ravines, cold deserts, & abandoned mining areas – 1.8 million hectares with different sub-targets.
    • Increase in forest cover in urban areas and its outskirts – 0.20 million hectares.
  • Increase in forest and tree cover on marginal agricultural lands/fallows and other non-forest lands which comes under agroforestry – 3 million hectares.
  • Increase forest-based livelihood income for about 3 million households in and around these forest areas.
  • Increase Carbon Dioxide sequestration to a range of 50 to 60 million tonnes by 2020.

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

Sharing is caring!

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.