UPSC Exam   »   Gender Budgeting Act

Gender Budgeting Act

 

Gender Budgeting UPSC: Relevance

  • GS 2: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes

 

Gender budgeting in India: Context

  • Recently, Development, Monitoring and Evaluation Office (DMEO), an attached office under the NITI Aayog has called for a National Policy for Women and mainstreaming of gender-based budgeting by formulating the Gender Budgeting Act.

 

Gender budgeting act: Key points

  • DMEO has called for incentivising women participation in all training and capacity building programmes to help India achieve gender equality with a special focus on areas like health, agriculture, environment and social inclusion.
  • Specific incentives for women can be provided for promoting their participation and a certain percentage of women’s participation may be mandated to promote gender mainstreaming.
  • DMEO has pushed for the Gender Budgeting Act to mainstream gender-based budgeting across all ministries and states/UTs
  • Besides, it also recommended the governments to finalise the National Policy for Women after making the necessary amendments in the 2016 draft policy.

 

Gender budgeting act: Why needed?

  • According to the recently published Global Gender Gap Report 2021 by the World Economic Forum, India’s rank fell by 28 places to 140 out of 156 countries with a score of 0.625 (out of 1) compared to 112 in 2020.
  • According to the report, while the targeted programmes have helped to reduce sectoral inequalities, elimination of inequalities is still a distant dream.

 

What is gender budgeting?

  • Gender budgeting is an application of gender mainstreaming in the budgetary process.
  • It is an outcome-oriented expenditure allocation.
  • It means a gender-based assessment of budgets, incorporating a gender perspective at all levels of the budgetary process and restructuring revenues and expenditures in order to promote gender equality.
  • It is not only about the Budget and it is not just a one-time activity. It is a continuous process that must be applied to all levels and stages of the policy process.
  • However, it recognises that the Budget is a powerful tool that can reduce the vulnerability of women and girls and transform their situation.

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