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Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA)

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Development processes and the development industry– the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA)_3.1



Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act- Context

  • Recently, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has extended the deadline for NGOs to apply for renewal of their Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) registration certificates.
  • The certificates of around 80% of NGOs are expected to expire on October 31 and as per norms, they have to apply at least six months before the expiry of registration.

Failing on Food- Status of Malnutrition in Children and PM POSHAN Scheme


Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act- Key Points

  • Mandatory Provisions: The FCRA registration is mandatory for associations and NGOs to receive foreign funds. These mandatory provisions were introduced in 2020 through an amendment to the FCR Act 2010.
    • The NGOs have to compulsorily open an account with the SBI in Delhi to receive foreign contributions.
    • The FCRA registration is renewed every five years.
    • There are 22,762 FCRA registered NGOs in India.
  • Benefits: Registered NGOs can receive the foreign contribution for five purposes- social, educational, religious, economic and cultural.

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Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Act 2020- Key Features

  • Public Servants: bars public servants from receiving foreign contributions.
  • Mandatory registration using Aadhar: Aadhaar number is to be used mandatorily as an identification document for all office bearers, directors, or key functionaries of a person receiving foreign contributions.
  • Transferability of foreign contribution: It bars the transfer of foreign contribution to any other person not registered to accept foreign contributions.
  • Use of foreign contribution: The Act provides that only up to 20% of the total foreign funds received could be used for administrative expenses.
    • This limit was 50% in FCRA 2010.
  • FCRA bank account: Recipients of the foreign contributions are to mandatorily open a dedicated FCRA bank account with the SBI in Delhi to receive foreign contributions.


National Mission on Cultural Mapping (NMCM)

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