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Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022

Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022_40.1

 

Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022 in News

  • Recently, the government has issued Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022 for stakeholder consultation as part of its plan to revamp the British era legislation for the port sector.
  • The draft IP Bill 2022 seeks to repeal and replace the existing 1908 India Ports Act.

 

Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022

  • About: It has been prepared to consolidate and amend the laws relating to ports, for the prevention and containment of pollution at ports.
    • It also aims to ensure compliance with the country’s obligation under the maritime treaties and international instruments to which India is a party.
  • Key Objectives: The draft IP Bill 2022 seeks to repeal and replace the existing 1908 Act. The primary objectives of the proposed bill are four-fold:
    • Promote integrated planning between States inter-se and Centre-States through a purely consultative and recommendatory framework;
    • Ensure prevention of pollution measures for all ports in India while incorporating India’s obligations under international treaties;
    • Address lacunae in the dispute resolution framework required for burgeoning ports sector;
    • Usher-in transparency and cooperation in development and other aspects through use of data.

 

Need for Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022

IP Bill 2022 has been prepared in order to-

  • Ensure compliance with the country’s obligation under the maritime treaties and international instruments to which India is a party;
  • Take  measures for conservation of ports;
  • Empower and establish State Maritime Boards for effective administration, control and management of non-major ports in India;
  • Provide for adjudicatory mechanisms for redressal of port related disputes and to establish a national council for fostering structured  growth and development of the port sector, and
  • Ensure optimum utilization of the coastline of India, as may be necessary, and
  • Provide for matters ancillary and incidental thereto, or connected therewith.

 

 

Draft Indian Ports Bill, 2022- Key Features

  • The proposed bill will homogenize and streamline the development of the maritime sector, along with, promoting ease of doing business by eliminating unnecessary delays, disagreements and defining responsibilities.
  • It will incorporate State Maritime Boards in the national framework.
  • Additionally, Maritime State Development Council will ensure cooperative federalism where Centre and State/UT Governments will work together towards preparing progressive road map for the country.
  • The redundant provisions of the Act have been deleted or replaced with contemporaneous provisions.
  • Further, existing penalties in the Act which are outdated have been updated with respect to amounts and offences relevant to present day scenario.

 

Importance of Chabahar Port

Importance of Chabahar Port

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