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Beej Gram Yojana: Seed Village Program

Beej Gram Yojana- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Beej Gram Yojana: Seed Village Program_40.1


Beej Gram Yojana- Context

  • Recently, the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare released various implantation details of the Beej Gram Yojana in the Lok Sabha.

Women in Agriculture in India: Gender Mainstreaming in Agriculture


Beej Gram Yojana- Key Points

  • About: Seed Village Program (Beej Gram Yojana) is being implemented by the government since 2014-15 to upgrade the quality of farmers’ saved seeds.
  • Key Objective: To upgrade the quality of farmer-saved seed, which is about 80-85% of the total seed used for crop production. Key Objectives of the Seed Village Program are-
    • Increasing the seed production,
    • Increasing the seed replacement rate,
    • Organizing seed production in cluster/compact areas, replacing existing local varieties with new high yielding varieties,
    • Self-sufficiency and self-reliance of the village in terms of quality seed production
    • To meet the local demand and timely supply of quality seeds.
  • Funding: Under Seed Village Program, financial assistance for distribution of foundation/certified seeds at 50% of seed cost for cereal crops and 60% for pulses, oilseeds, fodder and green manure crops is available for up to one acre per farmer.

COP 26: Sustainable Agriculture


Beej Gram Yojana- Implementation of the Scheme

  • Implementation: Union Government organizes Zonal Seed Review Meeting twice a year before the onset of each sowing season (Kharif & Rabi).
    • Department of Agriculture of different States/UTs, National & State Level Seed Producing Agencies, Seed Certification Agencies are called to assess the requirement and availability of seed across the country prior to every season.
    • This is done to ensure the timely availability of seed to farmers.
  • Implementing Agencies: One implementing agency will be identified for the area/locality and is to be authorized by the State Government. Implementing agencies will be-
    • State Departments of Agriculture,
    • State Agriculture Universities,
    • Krishi Vigyan Kendras,
    • State Seeds Corporation,
    • National Seeds Corporation,
    • State Farms Corporation of India (SFCI),
    • State Seeds Certification Agencies,
    • Department of Seed Certification.
  • Monitoring of the Beej Gram Yojana: The Seed Village Program will be monitored by the Seeds Division of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.
    • The implementing agencies will be required to send quarterly progress to the Seeds Division of the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation.


Global Agricultural Productivity Report 2021

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