Yojana Magazine is a very important and indispensable source for UPSC Civil Services Exam Preparation. Here, we come with ”Analysis Of Yojana Magazine” which covers the monthly Yojana Magazine keeping in mind the demand of UPSC, particularly from the topics of important government schemes.
In ‘‘Analysis Of Yojana Magazine,” we cover each and every topic of the Yojana edition of a particular month and provide an easy-to-understand gist.
This topic-wise analysis is prepared from the July 2022 edition of the monthly Yojana Magazine.
Tribes In Gujarat: Introduction
- According to the 2011 Census, the tribals account for 109 million and represent 8.6% of the country’s total population.
- As per the 2011 Census, the total population in Gujarat was 604.39 lakh out of which the tribal population accounts for 14.76%.
- There are several scheduled Tribe groups in the State.
- Tribes of Gujrat primarily reside in the rugged regions of Aravallis, Vindhya, Satpura and Sahyadri ranges.
Tribes In Gujarat: List Of Scheduled Tribes in GUJARAT
2. Bavacha, Bamcha
3. Bharwad (in the Nesses of the forests of Alech, Barada and Gir)
4. Bhil, Bhil Garasia, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Rawal Bhil Tadvi Bhil, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Pawra, Vasava, Vasave.
5. Charan (in the Nesses of the forests of Alech, Barada and Gir)
6. Chaudhri (in surast and Vvalsad districts)
8. Dhanka,Tadvi, Tetaria, Valvi
11. Dubla Talavia, Halpati
12. Gamit, Gamta, Gavit Mavchi, Padvi
13. Kathodi, Katkari, Dhor Kathodi, Dhor Katkari, Son Kathodi, Son Katkari
14. Kokna, Kokni, Kukna
15. Koli (in Kutch district)
16. Koli Dhor, Tokre Koli, Kolcha, Kongha
17. Kunbi (in the Dangs districts)
18. Naikda, Nayaka, Cholivala Nayaka, Kapadia Nayaka, Mota Nayaka, Nana Nayaka
20. Paradhi (in Kutch District)
21. Pardhi, Advichincher, Phanse Pardhi (excluding Amreli, Bhavanagar, Jamnagar, Jungadh, Kutch, Rajkot and Surrendranagar district)
24. Rabari (in the Nesses of the forest of Alech, Barada and Gir)
26. Siddi (in Amreli, Bhavnagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Rajkot and Surendranagar districts)
27. Vaghri (in Kutch district)
29. Vitolia, Kotwalia, Barodia
30. Bhil, Bhilala Barela, Patelia
31. Tadvi Bhil, Bawra, Vasave,
Tribes In Gujarat: Few Prominent Tribal communities in Gujarat
- The word Bhil comes from the Dravidian word “billu” which means bow to shoot arrows. The Bhils have been carrying arrows with them since ancient times.
- The Bhil tribe lives in Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Aravalli, Panchmahal, Dahod, Dang, Baruch, Narmada, Tapi, and Surat districts.
- Warli comes from the word “waral” which means a small piece of land.
- The community is famous for their Warli paintings which are made on the walls of dung with soaked rice water, using acacia and bamboo sticks.
- Gond people speak Gondi dialects which are derived from a mix of Tamil, Kannada and Telugu.
- It could therefore be presumed that they might have come from South India.
- A Gond dynasty is said to have ruled for several centuries in the Chandama region.
- Siddis mainly reside across India, especially in Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Kerala.
- They also reside in Karnataka in Ankola, Solapur and Mangrol taluka.
- Siddis are a tribe of African descent who migrated and settled in rural areas in India.
- They are included in the primitive group.
- They are famous for their Dhamal Dance.
Rathwas came from Alirajpur near Madhya Pradesh. Farming, animal husbandry, poultry farming, and forestry are their main occupations.
- This tribe is found in the Bang, Naysari, Surat, Valsad, and Tapi districts of Gujarat.
- In the Bhili dialect, the roof is called Dhuda and its inhabitants are known as Dhodia.
Chaudhri community living in the districts of South Gujarat considers itself to be of Rajput descent.
- After the fall of Patai Rawal Pavagadh, those Rajputs and Kshatriyas who settled in different forest areas were known as Patelia.
- They became leaders of the village and were managing village affairs, thus becoming “Patel” of a village.
Tribes In Gujarat: Culture
Pithora paintings: The Rathwa tribes have their bamboo walls plastered with clay and the local deity Pithoradev is painted on the wall.
Warli paintings: Paintings of Warlis are ritual decorations during weddings where women draw patterns on the walls of the bride’s house with rice powder after clay-plastering.
Tribal individuals are known to use clothing such as langoti, Chaniya (a skirt), faliya (headscarf), coloured Kabja (jacket, blouse), Odhni (headcloth), Baloyas (kind of bangles) from wrist to elbow, and Pijaniyas (heavy anklet) of brass on legs.
Tribal Healing System
Bhagat Bhava: This healing system is mainly found in the tribal belts of Gujarat, especially Dang, Narmada, Vaisad, and forest-dominated areas of Dahod, Pancharnahal, Sabarkantha, and Banaskantha. It plays an important part in the religion, health and society of the tribals.