Analysis Of Sansad TV Discussion
”India’s Agri Exports”
”GS 3: Growth & Development, Agricultural Marketing”
- India’s agri exports has crossed 50 billion dollar for the year 2021-22, notwithstanding logistical challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
- As per the provisional figures released by DGCI &S, the agricultural exports grew by 19.92% during 2021-22 to touch 50.21 billion dollars.
The Significance of the rise in agri-exports
- Higher agricultural exports signify the ability of Indian farmers to meet the requirement of 1.35 billion population and yet produce a surplus to export to rest of the world.
- The significant rise in agri-exports is also seen as a testimony of the government’s commitment to enhance farmers’ income by giving thrust on boosting exports of agricultural and processed food products.
- Integration into the global market will allow our farmers to be more competitive, and quality conscious and at the same time realize better prices for their produce.
- The growth rate is remarkable as it is over and above the growth of 17.66 per cent at 41.87 billion dollars achieved in 2020-21.
- The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985.
- The Act came into effect from 13th February, 1986 by a notification issued in the Gazette of India.
- The APEDA replaced the Processed Food Export Promotion Council (PFEPC).
A new history made by APEDA
- Notwithstanding the various logistical challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA), which works under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, scripted a new history by exporting agricultural and processed food products to the tune of 25.6 billion dollars, which is 51% of India’s total agriculture exports of 50 billion dollars.
- The APEDA has also surpassed its own export target of 23.7 billion dollar for the financial year 2021-22 by registering shipments of 25.6 billion dollar.
Key Initiatives by APEDA
- The rise in the export of agricultural and processed food products has been largely due to the various initiatives taken by the Centre/APEDA including organizing B2B exhibitions in different countries and exploring new potential markets through product-specific and general marketing campaigns.
- It has also taken several initiatives to promote geographical indications registered with agricultural and processed food products in India by organizing virtual Buyer Seller Meets on agricultural and food products with the major importing countries.
- In order to ensure seamless quality certification of products to be exported, the government has recognized 220 labs across India to provide services of testing to a wide range of products to exporters.
- The government organized more than 300 outreach programmes in collaboration with state governments for enhancing the exports of agricultural produce.
- APEDA also assists in the up-gradation and strengthening of recognized laboratories for export testing and residue monitoring plans.
- APEDA also provides assistance under the financial assistance schemes of infrastructure development, quality improvement and market development for boosting export of agricultural products.
- APEDA organizes the participation of exporters in the International Trade Fairs, which provides a platform to the exporters to market their food products in the global marketplace.
- APEDA also organizes National events like AAHAR, Organic World Congress, BioFach India etc. to promote agri-exports.
- APEDA compiles and disseminates various international trade analytical information, market access information amongst exporters and address trade enquiries.