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Amur Falcon

Amur Falcon- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Environment- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

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Amur Falcon- Context

  • Recently, migratory Amur falcons started arriving to Tamenglong district of Manipur for the annual stopover.
  • In this context, Manipur State Forest and Environment Minister have appealed to the people not to hunt the seasonal visitors.

Geriatric Care in India


Amur Falcon- Key Points

  • About: Amur falcons are the world’s longest traveling raptors and they start traveling with the onset of winters each year.
    • Scientific Name of Amur Falcon: Falco Amurensis.
  • Breeding Grounds: Amur Falcon breed in southeastern Siberia and northern China.
  • Migratory route: Falcons visit the district every year from breeding grounds in China and Russia before beginning their onward voyage to Africa for the winter- a journey of more than 30,000 km.
  • Protection Status of the Amur Falcons:
    • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List: Least Concern (LC).
    • Amur Falcons are also protected under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
    • Amur Falcons are also protected under the Convention on Migratory Species, to which India is a signatory, making it obligatory for India to protect the birds.

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Amur Falcon in India

  • Stopover in India: Doyang Lake in Nagaland is known for the Amur falcons’ stopover during their annual migration from their breeding grounds to warmer South Africa.
    • “Falcon Capital of the World,” title is given to Nagaland for this reason only.
  • Ecosystem Services: Amur Falcons stay in Nagaland for around a month and help in maintaining the ecosystem by feeding on a large number of insects, thus controlling their population.
  • Punishment: the hunting of the Amur Falcons is punishable under the Manipur Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and could lead to three years of imprisonment and a fine of ₹25,000.

Botanical Survey of India (BSI)- Plant Discoveries 2020

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