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36th International Geological Congress (IGC)

International Geological Congress (IGC)- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

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36th International Geological Congress (IGC) in News

  • The reformatted 36thInternational Geological Congress is being organized jointly by the Ministry of Mines, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Govt. of India and Indian National Science Academy.

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Key Points about 36th International Geological Congress (IGC)`

  • 36th International Geological Congress (IGC)` is being organized on a virtual platform with the support of India’s neighboring countries- Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka.
  • Theme of 36th IGC: “Geoscience for the next decade: Challenges and Society”.
  • The scientific program under 36th IGC reflected on how Geosciences are integrally related to a sustainable future, touching various aspects of life.
  • 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) was attended virtually by the geoscience community over the world with its inaugural ceremony in a hybrid mode.

Colombo Security Conclave (CSC)

 

International Geological Congress (IGC)- Key Points

  • About: International Geological Congress (IGC) is a nonprofit scientific and educational organization. International Geological Congress (IGC) is also described as the Olympics of Geosciences.
    • Meetings of the IGC are held in collaboration with and under the sponsorship of the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS).
    • IUGS holds its General Assemblies in conjunction with Sessions of the IGC.
  • Frequency of IGC Meetings: IGC’s are held quadrennial, under the aegis of the International Union of Geological Congress (IUGS), the scientific sponsor of IGCs.
  • Mandate: The main purpose of the Congress is to encourage the advancement of fundamental and applied research in the Earth sciences worldwide.​

 

Key Facts about International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS)

  • About: International Union of Geological Sciences founded in 1961, with 121 national members, representing over a million geoscientists.
    • The IUGS is one of the World’s largest scientific organizations.
    • The IUGS is a member of the International Science Council (ISC).
  • Mandate: The IUGS encourages international co-operation and participation in the Earth sciences in relation to human welfare.
  • IUGS Membership: its membership is open to countries or defined regions.

 

Key Functions of the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS)

  • IUGS promotes and encourages the study of geological problems, especially those of worldwide significance.
    • IUGS also supports and facilitates international and interdisciplinary cooperation in the Earth sciences.
  • IUGS gives special consideration to-
    • International standards;
    • Geoscience education;
    • Geoscience information;
    • Environmental management and hazards.
  • IUGS works through topic-specific Commissions, Task Groups, and Initiatives as well as Joint Programs with other organizations, that are concerned with a wide range of geologic research of direct interest to governments, industry, and academic groups within the Earth sciences.
  • IUGS aims to promote the development of the Earth sciences through the support of broad-based scientific studies relevant to the entire Earth system-
    • To apply the results of these and other studies to preserving Earth’s natural environment, using all natural resources wisely and improving the prosperity of nations and the quality of human life; and
    • To strengthen public awareness of geology and advance geological education in the widest sense.
  • IUGS fosters dialogue and communication among the various specialists in earth sciences around the world.
    • IUGS achieves this by organizing international projects and meetings, sponsoring symposia and scientific field trips, and producing publications.

 

Types of Soil in India

Types of Soil in India

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