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19th October 2023 Current Affairs for UPSC and STATE PSC Exams

19th October 2023 Current Affair: These current affairs updates for October 19, 2023, provide valuable information to aid your preparation for UPSC Current Affairs 2023 and State PSC exams. The news headlines covered in the current affairs for October 19, 2023, include Controversy Surrounding Israel’s Use of White Phosphorus in Gaza, Multilateral Development Banks, Amazon Rainforest Crisis, Government Employees Receive a Dearness Allowance Increase By 4%.

1) Controversy Surrounding Israel’s Use of White Phosphorus in Gaza

White Phosphorus
White Phosphorus
  • Pyrophoric Nature: White phosphorus is a highly pyrophoric substance, which means it can spontaneously ignite when exposed to oxygen. This property makes it extremely flammable and dangerous to handle.
  • Intense Heat and Smoke: When white phosphorus ignites, it generates intense heat, reaching temperatures as high as 815 degrees Celsius (1,499 degrees Fahrenheit). Additionally, it produces thick, billowing smoke, which can obscure visibility on the battlefield.
  • Garlic-Like Odor: White phosphorus is known for its distinct garlic-like odor, which can aid in its identification. This odor can be detected when the substance is burning, and it can serve as a warning sign of its presence.
  • Unstable Nature: White phosphorus is one of the most unstable pyrophoric substances, making it a challenging material to handle safely. Its instability contributes to its potential for accidental ignition and unintended harm when used in military applications.

2) Multilateral Development Banks, Transforming the Global Development Landscape

Multilateral Development Banks
Multilateral Development Banks
  • Expertise and Technical Assistance: MDBs not only provide funding but also offer technical expertise and knowledge sharing to help countries effectively implement and manage development projects.
  • Poverty Reduction: A key focus of MDBs is poverty reduction. They support projects and policies that aim to improve living standards and reduce inequality in borrowing countries.
  • Environmental and Social Safeguards: MDBs often have strict environmental and social safeguards in place to ensure that funded projects do not harm the environment or local communities and adhere to sustainable practices.
  • Regional Specificity: Some MDBs, like the Asian Development Bank, focus on specific regions, addressing the unique development challenges of their respective areas.

3) Amazon Rainforest Crisis, Impact, Causes, and the Grim Future of Severe Drought

Amazon Rainforest Crisis
Amazon Rainforest Crisis
  • Ecological Impact: The drought not only affects human communities but also has a significant ecological impact, including harm to aquatic life, loss of habitat for various species, and disruption of natural processes within the rainforest ecosystem.
  • Forest Fires Risk: The dry conditions resulting from the drought increase the risk of forest fires, which can have long-lasting and devastating effects on the Amazon rainforest, further threatening biodiversity and exacerbating greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Economic Consequences: Indigenous communities in the Amazon often rely on the river for their livelihoods, including fishing and transportation. The drought disrupts these economic activities, potentially leading to financial hardship for these communities.
  • Need for Relief Efforts: Humanitarian organizations and governments are called upon to provide emergency relief and support to Indigenous communities affected by the drought. This includes the supply of clean water, food, medical aid, and other essential resources.

4) Government Employees Receive a Dearness Allowance Increase By 4%

Dearness Allowance
Dearness Allowance
  • Recent DA Hike: The Union Cabinet recently approved a significant 4 percentage point increase in dearness allowance (DA) and dearness relief for central government employees and pensioners. This move raised the DA from the previous 42 percent to 46 percent, effective from July 1.
  • Purpose of Dearness Allowance: Dearness allowance is a crucial component of compensation for government employees and a portion of pension for retirees. Its primary purpose is to mitigate the impact of inflation and rising living costs on the purchasing power of government employees and pensioners.

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Hey there! I'm Nikesh, a content writer at Adda247. I specialize in creating informative content focused on UPSC and State PSC exams. Join me as we unravel the complexities of these exams and turn aspirations into achievements together!

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