General awareness is a very important topic for teaching aspirants who are preparing for various Government Teaching Jobs. The General Awareness section is usually vast and comprises of all the trending and static current affairs and general knowledge topics. Therefore, the candidates must go through the General Awareness in depth. One of the important topics from this section is the Neighbouring Countries of India and Their Capitals.
Adda247 has come up with detailed information about the Neighbouring Countries of India and Their Capitals in a comprehensive manner. Check out all the details about the Neighbouring Countries of India and Their Capitals in the following article.
Neighbouring Countries of India and Their Capitals
The Neighbouring Countries of India and Their Capitals are mentioned in the following table in detail. The candidates must go through the following table for a comprehensive and easy understanding of the Neighbouring Countries of India and Their Capitals.
Neighbouring Countries of India – Capital
|Sri Lanka||Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative Capital)
Columbo (Executive Capital)
Neighbouring Countries of India and Their Capitals More Information
In the following table, the candidates will find the Neighbouring Countries of India along with more details such as the States & UTs of India sharing Borders with other Neighbouring Countries & Length of Border the Neighboring Countries shares with India.
Neighbouring Countries of India – States & UTs Borders & Length of Border with India
|Neighbouring Country of India||Indian State/UTs which share Borde||Length of Border shared with India|
|Afghanistan||Ladakh (PoK)||106 Km|
|Bangladesh||West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam||4156 Km|
|Bhutan||West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam||699 Km|
|China||Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh||3488 Km|
|Myanmar||Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur||1643 Km|
|Nepal||Bihar, Uttarakhand, UP, Sikkim and West Bengal||1751|
|Pakistan||Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat||3233|
|Sri Lanka||It is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar||Separated by the Gulf of Mannar|
|Maldives||It lies in the southwest part of the Indian Ocean below Lakshadweep Island.||Separated by The Eight Degree Channel|
Neighbouring Countries – A Brief Summary
In the following section, the candidates will find a brief summary of all the Neighbouring Countries of India. This helps the candidate understand the Neighbouring countries of India at a glance.
Neighbouring Countries of India- Afghanistan
Afghanistan has an area of about 6,52,230 sq km. It is located in Central Asia and the country’s economy depends mostly on agriculture due to its geographic location and climatic conditions. the main industrial activities include the manufacturing of woven carpets, cotton textiles, handicrafts and woollens.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Afghanistan|
|Border Length||106 km|
|Official Languages||Dari, Pashto|
|States/ Provinces||34 Provinces|
Neighbouring Countries of India- Bangladesh
India shares the longest continuous border with Bangladesh. India surrounds Bangladesh from three sides and shares a border with 5 Indian States- West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam. On the other hand, the Bangladeshi States that share a border with India are Rajshahi, Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rangpur and Sylhet. Bangladesh covers an area of 1,43,998 sq km and has a coastline of 580 km.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Bangladesh|
|Border Length||4096.7 Km|
|States/ Provinces||8 Provinces|
Neighbouring Countries of India- Bhutan
Bhutan covers an area of 38, 394 sq km and shares a length of Border with India is 699 km. It is a mountainous and landlocked area sharing its border with only India and China. The primary sources of the economy include Hydropower, agriculture, forestry and tourism.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Bhutan|
|Border Length||699 km|
|States/ Provinces||20 States|
Neighbouring Countries of India- China
China is the largest and most populated country in the world with 1.4 billion people and it covers an area of 9.6 million sq km. It is also one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. India and China mostly share a cordial relationship however, there are certain border disputes that lead to a strained relationship between the two countries as well.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- China|
|Border Length||3488 km|
|States/ Provinces||26 Provinces|
Neighbouring Countries of India- Myanmar
Myanmar covers an area of 6,76,578 sq km and shares a 1643 km long border with India. It is situated on the western side of Mainland South Asia. During British Rule, Myanmar was made a province under British India and then eventually separated in 1937. The Union of Burma, which had been the nation’s official English name since 1885, was changed to the Union of Myanmar in 1989.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Myanmar|
|Border Length||1643 km|
Neighbouring Countries of India- Nepal
Nepal is a landlocked and mountainous country sharing a border with only India and China. It covers an area of 147,181 km². Indians do not need passports or visas to cross the border between Nepal and India due to their cordial and friendly relationship. Nepal is home to the world highest mountain in the world- Mount Everest. 66% of the total population in Nepal is engaged in the agricultural sector.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Nepal|
|Border Length||1751 km|
|States/ Provinces||7 Provinces|
Neighbouring Countries of India- Pakistan
Pakistan into existence after the Independence of India from British Rule in 1947. Initially, Pakistan was divided into two main parts- West Pakistan and East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh). After a civil uprising in East Pakistan in 1971, Bangladesh was formed. Pakistan covers an area of 7,96,095 sq km and it is located on the western side of India.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Pakistan|
|Border Length||3323 km|
|States/ Provinces||4 Provinces|
Neighbouring Countries of India- Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is an island country located in South Asia and it lies in the Indian Ocean. Sri Lanka is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. Sri Lanka was earlier known as Ceylon until 1972.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Sri Lanka|
|Border Length||Sea Border|
|Official Languages||Sinhala, Tamil|
|Currency||Sri Lankan Rupee|
|States/ Provinces||9 States|
Neighbouring Countries of India- Maldives
The Maldives is an independent island country in the north-central Indian Ocean. The islands of Maldives cover an area of 297.8 km² and it has a population of 5.21 lakhs (2021). The country is comprised of 1192 islands that stretch along a length of 871 kilometres.
|Neighbouring Countries of India- Maldives|
|Border Length||Sea Border|
|States/ Provinces||1 Only|