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National Language of India 2023, What is the National language of India?

National Language of India 2023, What is the National language of India?_20.1

Recently, the debate on the National Language of India has been one of the most trending topics in India. There will be no surprise if Teaching Aspirants find a question in the upcoming Government Teaching Exams related to the National Language of India. Therefore, the candidates preparing for Teaching Job Exams must go through the Topics in detail as given below. Read the following article to find out all the relevant and essential information on the National Language of India.

National Language of India 2023

As per the Constitution of India, there is no National Language of India. People often confuse the Official Languages of India with the National Languages of India. India is a diverse country when it comes to languages. Every region speaks a different language and the dialect for every language changes every 50 to 100 km. Therefore, declaring any one language as the National Language of India has been challenging for India since its independence.

When the Constitution of India was constituted, the debate for choosing a National Language of India was held many times without any conclusion. Hence, the constituent assembly came to a conclusion to declare Hindi as the Official Language (as the majority of the population speaks Hindi) along with English. While 22 other languages were declared Official Languages under the Eight Schedule of the Constitution of India for various states.

What is the National language of India?

According to UNESCO, “Language spoken by a large part of the population of a country, which may or may not be the designated an official language (i.e. a language designated by law to be employed in the public domain).”

However, the diversity of languages of India, No language has been declared as the National Language of India by the Government of India. Therefore, there is no National language of India.

What is the Official Language of India?

As per the Constitution of India, there is no National Language of India. Article 343 of the Constitution of India, Hindi is declared the Official Language of India since 1951. Initially, English was added as the Official Language of India. 22 other languages were declared Official Languages of India as per the Eight Schedule of the Indian Constitution for various Non-Hindi Speaking states in India.

Official Language of India 2023 List

In the following table, the Official Languages of India 2023 list is given in detail. These 22 languages mentioned below have gained the status of Official Languages of India. The following list consists of the languages and states they are recognized in.

No. Language Recognition in State
1 Assamese Assam, Arunachal Pradesh
2 Bengali West Bengal, Tripura
3 Bodo Assam
4 Dogri Official language of Jammu and Kashmir
5 Gujarati Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Gujarat
6 Hindi Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Mizoram, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal
7 Kannada Karnataka
Kashmiri Jammu and Kashmir
9 Konkani Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, and Kerala (The Konkan Coast)
10 Maithili Bihar, Jharkhand
11 Malayalam Kerala, Lakshadweep, Puducherry
12 Manipuri Manipur
13 Marathi Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu
14 Nepali Sikkim and West Bengal
15 Odia Official language of Orissa
16 Punjabi Official language of Punjab and Chandigarh, 2nd official language of Delhi and Haryana
17 Sanskrit Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand
18 Santali Spoken by Santhal people mainly in the state of Jharkhand as well as in the states of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Mizoram, Odisha, Tripura, West Bengal
19 Sindhi Gujarat and Maharashtra, especially Ulhasnagar
20 Tamil Tamil Nadu, Puducherry
21 Telugu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, and Puducherry
22 Urdu Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Jharkhand, Delhi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal

List of official languages of states of India

In the following table, the official languages of India State-Wise is given in detail. You will find the name of the states, the official languages and additional languages spoken in the states respectively.

No. States  Official Language (s) Additional Official Language (s)
1. Andhra Pradesh Telugu, Urdu English
2. Arunachal Pradesh English
3. Assam Assamese, Bodo Bengali in three districts of Barak Valley
4. Bihar Hindi Urdu
5. Chhattisgarh Hindi Chhattisgarhi
6. Goa Konkani, English Marathi
7. Gujarat Gujarati Hindi
8. Haryana Hindi English, Punjabi
9. Himachal Pradesh Hindi Sanskrit
10. Jharkhand Hindi Angika, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Bhumij, Ho, Kharia, Khortha, Kurmali, Kurukh, Magahi, Maithili, Mundari, Nagpuri, Odia, Santali, Urdu
11. Karnataka Kannada English
12. Kerala Malayalam English
13. Madhya Pradesh Hindi
14. Maharashtra Marathi
15. Manipur Manipuri English
16. Meghalaya English Khasi and Garo
17. Mizoram Mizo, English
18. Nagaland English
19. Odisha Odia
20. Punjab Punjabi
21. Rajasthan Hindi
22. Sikkim English, Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang
23. Tamil Nadu Tamil English
24. Telangana Telugu Urdu
25. Tripura Bengali, English, Kokborok
26. Uttar Pradesh Hindi Urdu
27. Uttarakhand Hindi Sanskrit
28. West Bengal Bengali, English Nepali in Darjeeling and Kurseong sub-divisions;
Urdu, Hindi, Odia, Santali, Punjabi, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi, Kurmali, Kurukh and Telugu in blocks, divisions or districts with a population greater than 10 per cent

 

List of official languages of Union Territories of India

In the following table, the official languages of India Union Territory-Wise are given in detail. You will find the name of the Union Territories, the official languages and additional languages spoken in the Union Territories respectively.

No. Union Territory Official Language (s) Additional Official Language (s)
1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands Hindi, English
2. Chandigarh English
3. Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu Hindi, English Gujarati
4. Delhi Hindi, English Urdu, Punjabi
5. Lakshadweep English, Hindi
6. Jammu and Kashmir Kashmiri, Dogri, Hindi, Urdu, English
7. Ladakh Hindi, English
8. Puducherry Tamil, English, French, Telugu in Yanam, Malayalam in Mahe

 

 

 

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FAQs

What is The National Language of India?

There is No National Language of India. Hindi and English serve as the Official languages of India.

Is Hindi the National Language of India?

No, Hindi is not the National Language of India. Hindi is one of the Official languages of India.

What are the 22 national languages of India?

There are 22 Official languages of India as per the Eight Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The 22 languages are Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu

What is the Official Language of India?

The Official Languages of India are Hindi and English.

Which is the oldest language in India?

The Sanskrit language has been spoken since 5,000 years before Christ. However, in the present time, Sanskrit has become a language of worship and ritual instead of the language of speech.