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UPSC Medical Science Syllabus 2024 for IAS Mains Paper

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus 2024: The UPSC optional subjects list encompasses 48 diverse fields, among which is Medical Science. The IAS Exam’s Medical Science syllabus centers on assessing candidates’ grasp of fundamental concepts and their ability to apply knowledge to address patient-related issues. The subject covers a wide range of topics, including essential medical knowledge, general medicine, and community medicine. In this article, we furnish you with an elaborate UPSC Medical Science Syllabus along with the availability of the IAS Medical Science Syllabus PDF for comprehensive preparation.

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus 2024 Overview

Opting for Medical Science as an optional subject in the UPSC Mains exam is most suitable for candidates who possess exceptional proficiency and a genuine passion for the subject. It becomes a favourable choice for those with a background in Medical Science during their undergraduate studies or for professionals working as doctors, biomedical engineers, nurses, or pharmacists. The IAS Medical Science Optional Subject in UPSC Mains consists of two papers, namely Paper I and Paper II. Each paper carries a weightage of 250 marks, resulting in a combined total of 500 marks for this subject

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus 2024

Opting for Medical Science as an optional subject in the UPSC Mains exam is most suitable for candidates who possess exceptional proficiency and a genuine passion for the subject. The IAS Medical Science Optional Subject in UPSC Mains consists of two papers, namely Paper I and Paper II. Candidates can check out the following Paper I and Paper II.

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus 2024 for Optional Paper I

Candidates can check out the Topic-wise UPSC Medical Science Syllabus for Mains Optional paper I.

1. Human Anatomy:

  • Applied anatomy including blood and nerve supply of upper and lower limbs and joints of shoulder, hip, and knee.
  • Gross anatomy, blood supply, and lymphatic drainage of the tongue, thyroid, mammary gland, stomach, liver, prostate, gonads, and uterus.
  • Applied anatomy of the diaphragm, perineum, and inguinal region.
  • Clinical anatomy of kidney, urinary bladder, uterine tubes, vas deferens.
  • Embryology: Placenta and placental barrier. Development of heart, gut, kidney, uterus, ovary, testis, and their common congenital abnormalities.
  • Central and peripheral autonomic nervous system: Gross and clinical anatomy of ventricles of the brain, circulation of cerebrospinal fluid; Neural pathways and lesions of cutaneous sensations, hearing and vision; Cranial nerves, distribution, and clinical significance; Components of the autonomic nervous system.

2. Human Physiology:

  • Conduction and transmission of impulse, mechanism of contraction, neuromuscular transmission, reflexes, control of equilibrium, posture and muscle tone, descending pathways, functions of the cerebellum, basal ganglia, Physiology of sleep and consciousness.
  • Endocrine system: Mechanism of action of hormones, formation, secretion, transport, metabolism, function, and regulation of secretion of pancreas and pituitary gland.
  • Physiology of reproductive system: menstrual cycle, lactation, pregnancy.
  • Blood: Development, regulation, and fate of blood cells.
  • Cardio-vascular, cardiac output, blood pressure, regulation of cardiovascular functions;

3. Biochemistry:

  • Organ function tests-liver, kidney, thyroid Protein synthesis.
  • Vitamins and minerals.
  • Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP).
  • Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • Radioimmunoassays (RIA).

4. Pathology:

  • Inflammation and repair, disturbances of growth and cancer, Pathogenesis and histopathology of rheumatic and ischemic heart disease and diabetes mellitus. Differentiation between benign, malignant, primary, and metastatic malignancies, Pathogenesis and histopathology of bronchogenic carcinoma, carcinoma breast, oral cancer, cancer cervix, leukemia, Etiology, pathogenesis and histopathology of – cirrhosis liver, glomerulonephritis, tuberculosis, acute osteomyelitis.

5. Microbiology:

  • Humoral and cell-mediated immunity.
  • Diseases caused by and laboratory diagnosis of-
  • Meningococcus, Salmonella
  • Shigella, Herpes, Dengue, Polio
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria, E. Histolytica, Giardia
  • Candida, Cryptococcus, Aspergillus

6. Pharmacology:

  • Mechanism of action and side effects of the following drugs:
  • Antipyretics and analgesics, Antibiotics,
  • Antimalaria; Antikala-azar,Antidiabetics
  • Antihypertensive, Antidiuretics, General and cardiac vasodilators, Antiviral, Antiparasitic, Antifungal, Immunosuppressants
  • Anticancer.

7. Forensic Medicine and Toxicology:

  • Forensic examination of injuries and wounds; Examination of blood and seminal stains; poisoning, sedative overdose, hanging, drowning, burns, DNA and fingerprint study.

UPSC Medical Science Syllabus 2024 for Optional Paper II

Candidates can check out the Topic-wise UPSC Medical Science Syllabus for Mains Optional paper II.

1. General Medicine

  • Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and principles of management (including prevention) of—Typhoid, Rabies, AIDS, Dengue, Kala-azar, and Japanese Encephalitis.
  • Etiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and principles of management of :
  • Ischaemic heart disease, pulmonary embolism.
  • Bronchial asthma.
  • Pleural effusion, tuberculosis, Malabsorption syndromes; acid peptic diseases, Viral hepatitis, and cirrhosis of the liver.
  • Glomerulonephritis and pyelonephritis, renal failure, nephrotic syndrome, renovascular hypertension, complications of diabetes mellitus, coagulation disorders, leukemia, Hypo and hyperthyroid, meningitis, and encephalitis.
  • Imaging in medical problems, ultrasound, echo-cardiogram, CT scan, MRI. Anxiety and Depressive Psychosis and Schizophrenia and ECT.

2. Paediatrics

  • Immunization, Baby friendly hospital, congenital cyanotic heart disease, respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopneumonia, kernicterus. IMNCI classification and management, PEM grading and management. ARI and Diarrhea of under five and their management.

3. Dermatology

  • Psoriasis, Allergic dermatitis, scabies, eczema, vitiligo, Stevan Johnson’s syndrome, Lichen Planus.

4. General Surgery

  • Clinical features, causes, diagnosis and principles of management of cleft palate, harelip.
  • Laryngeal tumour, oral and esophageal tumors.
  • Peripheral arterial diseases, varicose veins, coarctation of aorta.
  • Tumours of Thyroid, Adrenal, Glands.
  • Abscess cancer, fibroadenoma, and adenosis of the breast.
  • Bleeding peptic ulcer, tuberculosis of the bowel, ulcerative colitis, cancer stomach.
  • Renal mass, cancer prostatic.
  • Haemothorax, stones of the Gall bladder, Kidney, Ureter, and Urinary Bladder.
  • Management of surgical conditions of the Rectum, Anus, Anal canal, Gall bladder, and Bile ducts.
  • Splenomegaly, cholecystitis, portal hypertension, liver abscess, peritonitis, carcinoma head of the pancreas.
  • Fractures of the spine, Colles’ fracture, and bone tumors.
  • Endoscopy.
  • Laparoscopic Surgery.

5. Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family

  • Planning Diagnosis of pregnancy.
  • Laboਹr management, complications of 3rd stage, Antepartum, and postpartum hemorrhage, resuscitation of the newborn, Management of abnormal life, and difficult labor. Management of small for-date or premature newborns.
  • Diagnosis and management of anemia. Preeclampsia and Toxaemias of pregnancy, Management of Post- menopausal Syndrome.
  • Intra-uterine devices, pills, tubectomy, and vasectomy. Medical termination of pregnancy including legal aspects.
  • Cancer cervix.
  • Leucorrhoea, pelvic pain; infertility, dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB), amenorrhoea, Fibroid, and prolapse of the uterus.

6. Community Medicine (Preventive and Social Medicine)

  • Principles, methods approach, and measurements of Epidemiology.
  • Nutrition, nutritional diseases/disorders, and Nutrition Programmes.
  • Health information Collection, Analysis and Presentation
  • Objectives, components, and critical analysis of National programs for control/eradication of :
  • Malaria, Kala-azar, Filaria and Tuberculosis,
  • HIV/AIDS, STDs, and Dengue.
  • Critical appraisal of Health care delivery system.
  • Health management and administration; Techniques, Tools, Programme Implementation and Evaluation.
  • Objectives, Components, Goals, and Status of Reproductive and Child Health, National Rural Health Mission and Millennium Development Goals.
  • Management of hospital and industrial waste.
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Is medical science a good optional for UPSC?

Medical science is a good optional for doctors who are comfortable with studying their MBBS syllabus once again.

What is the syllabus for UPSC medical science students?

The medical science optional syllabus for UPSC includes topics such as biochemistry, dermatology, forensic medicine, general medicine, human anatomy, microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, physiology, surgery, etc.

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