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Technical Textiles in India

Technical Textiles in India- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Science and Technology- Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

UPSC Current Affairs


Technical Textiles in India- Context

  • Recently, Union Minister for Textiles said that India should aim to target a 5 times increase in export of Technical Textiles in the next 3 years.
  • Centre is expected to support PLIs for Textile Sector in States supporting the development and offering affordable infrastructure for Textile Manufacturing like cheap land and power.

UPSC Current Affairs


Technical Textiles in India- Key Points

  • About: Technical textiles are defined as textile materials and products used primarily for their technical performance and functional properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics.
    • Other terms used for defining technical textiles include industrial textiles, functional textiles, performance textiles, engineering textiles, invisible textiles and hi-tech textiles.
  • Use: Technical textiles are used individually or as a component/part of another product.
    • Technical textiles are used individually to satisfy specific functions such as fire-retardant fabric for uniforms of firemen and coated fabric to be used as awnings.
    • As a component or part of another product, they are used to enhance the strength, performance or other functional properties of that product.
  • Key characteristics: Technical textiles are preferred due to following features
    • Health & safety;
    • Cost effectiveness;
    • Durability;
    • High strength;
    • Light weight;
    • Versatility;
    • Customization;
    • User friendliness;
    • Eco friendliness;
    • Logistical convenience, etc.


Technical Textiles in India- Key Potential

  • Contribution in Indian Economy: Technical textile accounts for approximately 13% of India’s total textile and apparel market and contributes to India’s GDP at 0.7%.
    • There is a huge potential to fulfil a large demand gap as the consumption of technical textiles in India is still only at 5-10% against 30-70% in some of the advanced countries.
  • National Technical Textiles Mission: It has been set up with an aim to ensure-
    • An average growth rate of 15-20% to increase the domestic market size of technical textiles to $ 40-50 Bn by the year 2024
    • This is to be achieved through market development, market promotion, international technical collaborations, investment promotions and Make in India initiative.
  • Global Potential: The demand for technical textiles was pegged at $ 165 Bn in the year 2018 and is expected to grow up to $ 220 Bn by 2025, at a CAGR of 4% from 2018-25.


Technical Textiles in India- Types of technical textiles

  • Depending on the product characteristics, functional requirements and end-use applications the highly diversified range of technical textile are grouped into 12 segments. These are-
    1. AGROTECH (AGRO TEXTILES): For example- Bird Protection Nets, Monofil Nets, Fruit Covers, Weed Control Fabric, etc.
    2. BUILDTECH (CONSTRUCTION TEXTILES): For example- Scaffolding Nets, Hoardings / Signages, Architectural Membranes,
    3. CLOTHTECH (CLOTHING TEXTILES): For example- Sewing threads, Shoe laces, Interlining, Zip Fasteners, etc.
    4. GEOTECH (GEO TEXTILES): For example- Construction of roads, River Canal and coastal work, Sports field construction, etc.
    5. HOMETECH (HOME TEXTILES): For example- Carpet Backing Cloth, Stuffed toys, HVAC filters, Mattresses and pillows, etc.
    6. INDUTECH (INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES): For example- DECATISING CLOTH, CONVEYOR BELTS, Printed Circuit Board, Ropes and Cordages, Composites, Industrial Brushes, etc.
    7. MEDITECH (MEDICAL TEXTILES): For example- Baby Diapers, Incontinence Diapers, Surgical Disposables, Surgical Dressing Material, etc.
    8. MOBILTECH (AUTOMOTIVE TEXTILES): For example- Nylon tyre cord, Seat belt webbing, Car upholstery/ Seat cover fabrics, Automotive Airbags, Helmets, Railways seat cover fabric, etc.
    9. PACKTECH (PACKAGING TEXTILES): For example- Polyolefin Woven Sacks, Flexible Intermediate Bulk Containers (FIBC), Wrapping Fabric, etc.
    10. PROTECH (PROTECTIVE TEXTILES): For example- Industrial Gloves, High altitude clothing, Chemical Protective Clothing (CPC), etc.
    11. SPORTTECH (SPORTS TEXTILES): For example- Parachute Fabrics, Sports Shoe Components, Sleeping Bags, Artificial turf, etc.
    12. OEKOTECH: For example- Recycling, Waste disposal, environment protection, etc.



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