Home   »   World TB Report 2021   »   Status of TB in India

Stop TB Partnership of UNOPS

Stop TB Partnership- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relation- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Stop TB Partnership of UNOPS_40.1

 

Stop TB Partnership in News

  • Recently, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare addressed the 35thBoard meeting of the Stop TB Partnership through video-conference.

Stop TB Partnership of UNOPS_50.1

 

Stop TB Partnership Board Meeting

  • India expressed condolences for all lives lost due to COVID19 and TB and thanked all health workers, caregivers and community members for relentlessly working with people affected by TB.
  • Steps taken by India during COVID-19: several new initiatives have been taken in India to turn the crisis into an opportunity, such as –
    • ‘Bidirectional testing’ of TB with Covid,
    • House-to-house TB detection campaigns,
    • Scale up of rapid molecular diagnostics at sub-district levels,
    • Use of Artificial Intelligence and Digital tools,
    • Jan Andolan (peoples’ movement) and
    • Decentralization of TB services to Ayushman Bharat Health & Wellness Centres as part of comprehensive primary healthcare.

Stop TB Partnership of UNOPS_60.1

 

Stop TB Partnership

  • About: The Stop TB Partnership is a hosted entity of the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
    • The Stop TB Partnership was established in 2000.
    • Secretariat: The Stop TB Partnership Secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Mandate: The Stop TB Partnership aligns 1,600 partner organizations all over the world, leading global advocacy to end tuberculosis (TB).
  • Significance: Together with its partners, the Stop TB Partnership is a collective force that is transforming the fight against TB globally. The Stop TB Partnership is-
    • Empowering communities and key populations,
    • Strengthening community systems and promoting community leadership in the TB response,
    • Focusing efforts on ensuring that responses are people-centered, rights-based and gender transformative.
  • Key Roles: Through the Partnership’s Secretariat and working with all partners, it ensures a clear identity for the TB community, high-level engagement and representation.
    • The Partnership also identifies and funds innovative approaches to find, treat and cure people affected by TB.
    • It plays a key role in procuring TB drugs and diagnostics, including the roll-out of new tools across the world.
    • The Partnership’s market-shaping strategy also helps to reduce prices, improve forecasting and prevent stock-outs for drugs.

The Editorial Analysis: The Food Vaccine as Right, More so for TB Patients

यूएनओपीएस की टीबी पार्टनरशिप को समाप्त करना 

About TB

  • TB is caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is spread when people who are sick with TB expel bacteria into the air (e.g., by coughing).
  • The disease typically affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can affect other sites.
  • Most people (about 90%) who develop the disease are adults, with more cases among men than women.
  • About a quarter of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis.
  • Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that is a major cause of ill health and one of the leading causes of death worldwide.
  • Until the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, TB was the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, ranking above HIV/AIDS.

National Conference on Women Winning against TB

 

Fight against Tuberculosis in India: Steps Taken by the Government

  • As India is a signatory to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), our national development agenda has been aligned to eradicate TB from the grassroots level.
  • Eliminating TB by 2025: which is ahead of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) timeline of 2030.
    • It is envisaged to make a TB-free India with zero deaths and zero TB disease.
    • A gendered approach to ending TB: we must adopt a comprehensive approach to ending TB–including a shift towards gender-sensitive and gender-specific interventions.
  • Gender-Responsive TB Care: Awareness regarding this is being spread through a series of National and Regional Conferences, jointly organized by the Ministry of Women & Child Development, and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
  • ‘c-TB’: India will introduce a newly approved “made in India” TB infection skin test called ‘c-TB
    • It will be a cost-effective tool that will be of immense benefit to other high burden countries as well.

 

World TB Report 2021

adda247.com/…sc-exam/world-tb-report-2021

 

Sharing is caring!