Stop TB Partnership- Relevance for UPSC Exam
- GS Paper 2: International Relation- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Stop TB Partnership in News
- Recently, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare addressed the 35thBoard meeting of the Stop TB Partnership through video-conference.
Stop TB Partnership Board Meeting
- India expressed condolences for all lives lost due to COVID19 and TB and thanked all health workers, caregivers and community members for relentlessly working with people affected by TB.
- Steps taken by India during COVID-19: several new initiatives have been taken in India to turn the crisis into an opportunity, such as –
- ‘Bidirectional testing’ of TB with Covid,
- House-to-house TB detection campaigns,
- Scale up of rapid molecular diagnostics at sub-district levels,
- Use of Artificial Intelligence and Digital tools,
- Jan Andolan (peoples’ movement) and
- Decentralization of TB services to Ayushman Bharat Health & Wellness Centres as part of comprehensive primary healthcare.
Stop TB Partnership
- About: The Stop TB Partnership is a hosted entity of the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
- The Stop TB Partnership was established in 2000.
- Secretariat: The Stop TB Partnership Secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Mandate: The Stop TB Partnership aligns 1,600 partner organizations all over the world, leading global advocacy to end tuberculosis (TB).
- Significance: Together with its partners, the Stop TB Partnership is a collective force that is transforming the fight against TB globally. The Stop TB Partnership is-
- Empowering communities and key populations,
- Strengthening community systems and promoting community leadership in the TB response,
- Focusing efforts on ensuring that responses are people-centered, rights-based and gender transformative.
- Key Roles: Through the Partnership’s Secretariat and working with all partners, it ensures a clear identity for the TB community, high-level engagement and representation.
- The Partnership also identifies and funds innovative approaches to find, treat and cure people affected by TB.
- It plays a key role in procuring TB drugs and diagnostics, including the roll-out of new tools across the world.
- The Partnership’s market-shaping strategy also helps to reduce prices, improve forecasting and prevent stock-outs for drugs.
- TB is caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is spread when people who are sick with TB expel bacteria into the air (e.g., by coughing).
- The disease typically affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can affect other sites.
- Most people (about 90%) who develop the disease are adults, with more cases among men than women.
- About a quarter of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis.
- Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease that is a major cause of ill health and one of the leading causes of death worldwide.
- Until the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, TB was the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent, ranking above HIV/AIDS.
Fight against Tuberculosis in India: Steps Taken by the Government
- As India is a signatory to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), our national development agenda has been aligned to eradicate TB from the grassroots level.
- Eliminating TB by 2025: which is ahead of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) timeline of 2030.
- It is envisaged to make a TB-free India with zero deaths and zero TB disease.
- A gendered approach to ending TB: we must adopt a comprehensive approach to ending TB–including a shift towards gender-sensitive and gender-specific interventions.
- Gender-Responsive TB Care: Awareness regarding this is being spread through a series of National and Regional Conferences, jointly organized by the Ministry of Women & Child Development, and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
- ‘c-TB’: India will introduce a newly approved “made in India” TB infection skin test called ‘c-TB’
- It will be a cost-effective tool that will be of immense benefit to other high burden countries as well.