O-SMART Scheme_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   O-SMART Scheme

O-SMART Scheme

O-SMART Scheme: Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Science and Technology:
    • Developments and their applications and effects in everyday life;
    • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

O-SMART Scheme_50.1

 

O-SMART Scheme: Context

  • Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs gave its approval for the continuation of the umbrella scheme “Ocean Services, Modelling, Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART)” for implementation during the period from 2021-26.

Swachh Survekshan 2021- Swachh Survekshan Awards 2021 Declared

 

O-SMART Scheme: Key Points

  • About: O-SMART Scheme was launched by the government in 2018. O-SMART Scheme encompasses oceanographic research activities and aims at setting up early warning weather systems.
    • Parent Ministry: O-SMART Scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • Key Mandate: O-SMART Scheme is being implemented with the objectives-
    • For providing forecasts and services based on the continuous observation of our oceans,
    • Development of technologies and exploratory surveys for the sustainable harnessing of our oceanic resources (both living and non-living) and
    • Promotion of front-ranking research in ocean sciences.

Season of Floods- Urban Floods in Tamil Nadu

 

O-SMART Scheme: Key Significance of extending the scheme

  • O-SMART Scheme will augment the capacity building of India at the international level in the oceanographic field through extensive research and technology development activities.
  • O-SMART Scheme will provide further comprehensive coverage by strengthening ongoing activities to deliver cutting edge technology that will be applicable for the marine domain, understanding biodiversity towards conservation strategy, forecast & warning services etc in the next five years.

North-Eastern Region (NER) District SDG Index and Dashboard 2021-22

 

O-SMART Scheme: Sub-schemes under O-SMART  

  • The Ocean Services, Modelling, Application, Resources and Technology (O-SMART) scheme comprises the following sub-schemes:
    1. Ocean Technology
    2. Ocean Modelling and Advisory Services (OMAS)
    3. Ocean Observation Network (OON)
    4. Ocean Non-Living Resources
    5. Marine Living Resources and Ecology (MLRE)
    6. Coastal Research
    7. Operation and Maintenance of Research Vessels.
  • Implementation: All of the sub-schemes of the O-SMART Scheme are being implemented by autonomous institutes of the Ministry of Earth Sciences. These institutions are-
    • National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Chennai;
    • Indian National Center for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad;
    • National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR), Goa,
    • Center for Marine Living Resources and Ecology (CMLRE), Kochi; and
    • National Centre for Coastal Research (NCCR), Chennai as well as involving other national institutes.

India-US Trade Policy Forum

 

O-SMART Scheme: Kay Objectives

The objectives of the O-SMART (Ocean Services, Modelling, Applications, Resources and Technology) scheme of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), Govt. of India are-

  • To generate and regularly update information on Marine Living Resources and their relationship with the physical environment in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ),
  • To periodically monitor levels of seawater pollutants for health assessment of coastal waters of India, to develop shoreline change maps for assessment of coastal erosion due to natural and anthropogenic activities,
  • To develop a wide range of state-of-the-art ocean observation systems for the acquisition of real-time data from the seas around India,
  • To generate and disseminate a suite of user-oriented ocean information, advisories, warnings, data and data products for the benefit of society,
  • To develop high-resolution models for ocean forecast and reanalysis systems,
  • To develop algorithms for validation of satellite data for coastal research and to monitor changes in the coastal research,
  • Acquisition of 2 Coastal Research Vessels (CRVs) as replacement of 2 old CRVs for coastal pollution monitoring, testing of various underwater components and technology demonstration,
  • To develop technologies to tap the marine bioresources
  • To develop technologies generating freshwater and energy from the ocean,
  • To develop underwater vehicles and technologies,
  • Establishment of Ballast water treatment facility,
  • To support the operation and maintenance of 5 Research vessels for ocean survey/monitoring/technology demonstration programmes,
  • Establishment of state-of-art seafront facility to cater to the testing and sea trial activities of ocean technology,
  • To carry out exploration of Polymetallic Nodules (MPN) from a water depth of 5500 m in a site of 75000 sq. km allotted to India by United Nations in Central Indian Ocean Basin, to carry out investigations of gas hydrates,
  • Exploration of polymetallic sulphides near Rodrigues Triple junction in 10000 sq. km of the area allotted to India in International waters by International Seabed Authority/UN and,
  • Submission of India’s claim over continental shelf extending beyond the Exclusive Economic Zone supported by scientific data, and Topographic survey of EEZ of India.

Preamble of the Indian Constitution

 

Also Read

New Farm Laws Repealed: PM Modi Repealed Farm Bills 2020 MSME Definition Expanded: Know Everything About MSME Mineral Conservation and Development (Amendment) Rules, 2021 UNWTO recognizes Pochampally village as World’s one of the best Tourism Villages
UN Report on Internal Migration Combating Hidden Hunger: Rice Fortification Global Hunger Index 2021 SITMEX Exercise-21
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), 1967 Financial Stability Report Impact of US Inflation in India Freight Smart Cities: Logistics Issues and Government Steps
India Rejects WTO Draft on Fishery Subsidy Project BOLD and Importance of Bamboo in India ADR Report on Political Donations Delhi Declaration on Afghanistan

 

Sharing is caring!

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.
Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?