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National Testing Agency (NTA)- Objective, Function, Major Facts

What is National Testing Agency (NTA)?

The National Testing Agency (NTA) is an autonomous organization in India that was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. It was created with the objective of conducting efficient, transparent, and international standard tests to assess the competency of candidates for admissions to various educational programs and recruitment for certain posts. The National Testing Agency (NTA) is a governmental organization in India that was established in 2017. Its primary purpose is to administer entrance examinations for educational institutions across the country. The formation of NTA aimed to enhance the quality and effectiveness of these entrance exams while also alleviating the burden on students and parents.

Objectives of the National Testing Agency

The National Testing Agency’s primary objectives are as follows:

  • Conduct Efficient, Transparent, and Internationally Standardized Tests: The NTA aims to conduct entrance examinations and recruitment tests that are fair, unbiased, and free from any form of malpractice. It utilizes advanced testing technologies and adheres to international best practices to ensure the integrity and reliability of its assessments.
  • Undertake Research on Educational, Professional, and Testing Systems: The NTA actively engages in research to identify gaps in existing educational and testing systems. It conducts studies on various aspects of assessment, including question design, psychometrics, and test administration. This research informs the development of improved testing methodologies and ensures that NTA assessments remain relevant and effective.
  • Identify Experts and Institutions in Setting Examination Questions: The NTA collaborates with a network of subject matter experts, psychometricians, and testing professionals to develop high-quality examination questions. It maintains a strict selection process to ensure that only qualified and experienced individuals contribute to the question-setting process.
  • Produce and Disseminate Information and Research on Education and Professional Development Standards: The NTA acts as a repository of information and research on education and professional development standards. It publishes reports, organizes conferences, and conducts workshops to share its findings with stakeholders. This knowledge dissemination contributes to evidence-based decision-making in the education sector.
  • Provide Quality Testing Services to Indian Academic Institutions: The NTA offers a range of testing services to Indian academic institutions, including test development, test administration, and test scoring. It aims to help institutions conduct their own entrance examinations and recruitment tests in a more efficient and effective manner.
  • Develop a Modern Culture of Testing in India: The NTA promotes the adoption of modern testing practices in India. It introduces new technologies, develops innovative assessment techniques, and shares its expertise with other testing agencies. This initiative aims to raise the overall standard of testing in the country.
  • Collaborate with International Organizations: The NTA actively collaborates with international testing organizations, such as the Educational Testing Service (ETS), to benchmark its practices against global standards. This collaboration facilitates the exchange of best practices and helps the NTA stay at the forefront of testing methodologies.
  • Undertake Any Other Examination That Is Entrusted to It by the Ministries/Departments of Government of India/State Governments: The NTA is authorized to conduct any examination that is entrusted to it by the central or state government. This flexibility allows the NTA to adapt its expertise to various assessment needs and provide comprehensive testing services to different stakeholders.
  • Perform Reforms and Training of School Boards and Other Bodies: The NTA plays a role in reforming and training school boards and other testing bodies to ensure that their assessment standards align with the NTA’s high standards. It provides guidance, conducts workshops, and shares resources to help these organizations enhance their testing practices.
  • Promote Equity and Quality in Education: By conducting fair, valid, and reliable assessments, the NTA aims to promote equity and quality in education. Its assessments provide students with a fair opportunity to showcase their abilities and contribute to informed decision-making in admissions and recruitment processes.

Functions of National Testing Agency

The National Testing Agency is tasked with the following responsibilities:

  1. Identifying Suitable Partners for Online Exams: The agency aims to locate institutions with the necessary infrastructure to conduct online exams without disrupting existing academic schedules.
  2. Developing Comprehensive Question Banks: NTA endeavors to create question banks for each subject using contemporary methods, ensuring a diverse and robust set of questions.
  3. Promoting Research and Development: The agency strives to foster a culture of research and development, cultivating a pool of expertise in the field of testing.
  4. Offering Training and Advisory Services: NTA provides training and advisory services to institutions in India, assisting specific colleges and universities in the testing domain. The goal is to deliver high-quality testing services to academic institutions in the country.
  5. Utilizing Local and International Expertise: NTA aims to leverage both local and foreign expertise to establish an advanced testing culture in India. Collaboration with global organizations such as ETS is pursued to achieve this objective.
  6. Conducting Assigned Exams: The agency is mandated to conduct any examinations assigned to it by the Ministries/Departments of the Central or State Governments.
  7. Implementing Changes and Guiding School Boards: NTA takes on the responsibility of implementing changes and providing guidance to school boards whose testing requirements align with those of entrance exams.

Working of National Testing Agency

The entire examination process is managed by the NTA, encompassing test content development, examination administration, and result processing. The NTA’s operational workflow can be outlined as follows:

  1. Test Content Development: The NTA collaborates with subject experts to craft the test content for each examination.
  2. Examination Administration: Examinations are conducted by the NTA at designated test centers across India. Various formats, such as computer-based tests, pen-and-paper tests, and online tests, are employed.
  3. Result Processing: The NTA utilizes diverse methods to process examination results, adapting to the specific format of each test. Subsequently, the results are made accessible on the NTA website and communicated to the respective educational institutions.

Structure & Composition of National Testing Agency

The National Testing Agency (NTA) functions as a self-sufficient autonomous entity under the purview of the Ministry of Education, Government of India. Oversight and strategic guidance for the NTA are provided by a Governing Body, presided over by the Secretary of the Department of Higher Education within the Ministry of Education.

Key positions within Team NTA include:

  • Director General
  • Executive Directors
  • Joint Directors
  • Deputy Directors
  • Assistant Directors
  • Senior Technical Assistants
  • Technical Assistants
  • Administrative Officers
  • Other supporting staff

Major Facts about National Testing Agency

Here are some major facts about the National Testing Agency (NTA):

Particulars Details
Established in 2017
Established under Societies Registration Act 1860.
Motto ‘Excellence in Assessment.’
Vision “The right candidates joining best institutions will give India her demographic dividend.”
Controlling ministry Ministry of Education
Head Prof. M.S. Ananth, Former Director, IIT Madras
Team Members Test Item writers, Researchers and Psychometricians, Education Specialists
Exams Conducted
NTA NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)
CMAT (Common Management Admission Test)
Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT)
All India AYUSH Post Graduate Entrance Test (AIAPGET)
Co-working bodies State governments, universities, state education boards, UGC, AIU, NCTE, NCERT, CBSE, CISCE, NIOS

List of Exams conducted by the National Testing Agency

The National Testing Agency conducts a variety of exams, including:

  • Joint Entrance Exam (JEE)
  • National Council for Hotel Management Joint Entrance Examination (NCHM JEE)
  • NTA NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)
  • CMAT (Common Management Admission Test)
  • Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT)
  • All India AYUSH Post Graduate Entrance Test (AIAPGET)
  • Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test (UPCET)
  • NIS Patiala Exam
  • BBAU Entrance Exam
  • Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET)
  • BHU Entrance Exam
  • Common University Entrance Test (CUET UG)
  • Common University Entrance Test (CUET PG)
  • Joint Integrated Programme in Management Admission Test (JIPMAT)


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How many exams are conducted through NTA?

There are a plethora of exams conducted by NTA. Some among them are: National Council for Hotel Management Joint Entrance Examination (NCHM JEE), NTA NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test), CMAT (Common Management Admission Test), Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test (GPAT), All India AYUSH Post Graduate Entrance Test (AIAPGET)

Under which act was the National Testing Agency established?

The National Testing Agency was established under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

When was the NTA formed?

The National Testing Agency was established in 2017 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

Why is the National Testing Agency Formed?

The National Testing Agency is formed with an aim to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions.

Who is the Chairman of the National Testing Agency ?

The chairman of the National Testing Agency is Prof. M.S. Ananth

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