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Modhera Sun Temple

Modhera Sun Temple- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

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Modhera Sun Temple in News

  • Recently, Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi visited the Surya Mandir in Modhera, Gujarat.
  • He also visited Modheshwari Mata Temple in Modhera, Gujarat and performed darshan and pooja.


Modhera Sun Temple- Various Projects Launched

  • Shri Modi inaugurated Heritage Lighting at Surya Mandir which makes it the first heritage site in India to be powered solely by solar energy.
    • He also inaugurated the 3D Projection Mapping of Modhera Sun Temple.
  • Earlier, he had laid the foundation stone and dedicated multiple projects worth over Rs 3900 crore in Modhera, Mehsana in Gujarat.
    • The Prime Minister also declared Modhera as India’s first 24×7 solar-powered village.


Modhera Sun Temple

  • About: The Sun temple at Modhera is the most important of all sun-temples built in the whole of Gujarat.  Modhera Sun Temple is an excellent example of medieval temple art and architecture of India.
  • Modhera Sun Temple enjoys the same significance as other two well known sun-temples in Kashmir (Martand) and Orissa (Konark).
    • The remains of this magnificent architectural monument still reflect the glimpses of elegance and testify the sanctity of the site.
  • Historical Background: Modhera or Modherapura also known as Mundera is said to have been the original settlement of modha Brahmans.
    • Having its legendary past relating to the Ramayana it is further believed that modha Brahmans received Modhera as a krsnarpana on the occasion of the marriage of Rama and Sita.
  • Construction of the Modhera Sun Temple: This famous sun temple was constructed to the west of Pushpavati river probably in 1026-27 A.D. during the reign of Chalukya King Bhima I (1022-1063 A.D.)
  • Geographical Loaction of Modhera: Once a flourishing town and seaport, Modhera stands 24 km south of Anahitapataka (Patan) on the left bank of Pushpavati river.



Structural Details of Modhera Sun Temple

  • The whole structure standing on a kharasila (basement) consisted of the garbhagrha (shrines) and guha-mandapa (a hall), a Sabha-mandapa or ranga-mandapa (assembly hall or outer hall/theatre hall), locally known as Sita Chavadi.
  • In front of the temple is the kunda (sacred pond) now called the Ramakunda. Originally, there were some small subsidiary shrines, which have been destroyed.
  • The general structure of main body of the temple enclosing the mandapa (hall) and garbhagrha (sanctum sanctorum) is rectangular, with its length inside the walls 51 feet 9 inches which is almost exactly double of its width of 25 feet and 8 inches.
  • Thus the total area of about 1275 sq.ft is divided into nearly two equal halves.  The inner half occupies the garbhagrha and the front of the mandapa (hall).
  • The sanctum sanctorum is 11 feet square inside.  Between the outer walls of the sanctum sanctorum and that of the temple is the pradakshina-marga or bhrama (the circumambulatory passage).


Shree Padmanabha Swamy Temple

Shree Padmanabha Swamy Temple

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