List of Governor-General and Viceroys of India_00.1
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List of Governor-General and Viceroys of India

Governor-General of Bengal

Year/ Duration Name  Events during tenure
1772-1785 Warren Hastings
  •   He was the first Governor-General of Bengal
  • Brought an end to the dual system of administration.
  • Achievements: Regulating Act of 1773, establishment of Supreme Court at Calcutta and the Asiatic Society of Bengal.
  • He fought the first Anglo-Maratha War and signed the Treaty of Salbai.
  • The first English translation of Bhagavad Gita was done in his tenure.
1786-1793 Lord Cornwallis
  • He established appellate courts, lower grade courts and Sanskrit college.
  •  Fought were the Third Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Seringapatam was signed.
  •  Introduction of Permanent Settlement and civil services.
1793-1798 Sir John Shore
  •  Charter act of 1793 was passed as he came in.
  •  Policy of Non-intervention and Battle of Kharda are his achievements.
1798-1805 Lord Wellesley
  • Introduced Subsidiary Alliance System.
  •  Fought wars like Fourth Anglo- Mysore war and the Treaty of Bassein, Second Anglo – Maratha war.
  • Established the Madras presidency and also Fort William College in Calcutta
1805-1807 Sir George Barlow
  • He was the acting Governor-General of India until Lord Minto arrived.
  • Reason for diminishing area of British territory due to his passion for economy and retrenchment.
  • The Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806 under his tenure.
1807-1813 Lord Minto I
  • Treaty of Amritsar was concluded with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809.
  • Introduced the Charter Act of 1813.
1813-1823 Lord Hastings ·       The end of policy of Non-intervention

  • Anglo-Nepal War (1814-16) and the Treaty of Sagauli, 1816
  • Abolition of Peshwaship
  • Establishment of the Ryotwari System in Madras and Bombay
  • Mahalwari system in north-western Provinces and Bombay
1823-1828 Lord Amherst
  • Annexation of Assam, leading to the first Burmese war of 1824.

 

Governor General of India

 

Year Name of the Governor General Major Events during tenure
1828-1835 Lord William Bentinck
  • First Governor-General of India as per the rules in the Charter Act of 1833.
  • Abolished Sati system, suppressed the Thugee system along with infanticide and child sacrifices.
  • English Education Act of 1835 proposed and Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata established.
1835-1836 Lord Charles Metcalfe
  • Liberator of the Indian Press because he openly withdrew the restraints on an open press in India
1836-1842 Lord Auckland
  • Improvement of domestic schools.
  • Expansion of the commercial industry of India.
  • The first Anglo-Afghan war.
1842-1844 Lord Ellenborough
  •  Sindh was annexed.
1844-1848 Lord Hardinge I
  • First Anglo Sikh War.
1848-1856 Lord Dalhousie
  • Second Anglo-Sikh War (1848-49)
  • Introduction of the Doctrine of Lapse
  • Wood’s Dispatch 1854
  • First railway line connecting Bombay and Thane in 1853
  • Establishment of PWD
  • Indian Post Office Act
1856-1857 Lord Canning
  • The Calcutta, Madras and Bombay Universities were established.
  • Revolt of 1857

 

Viceroys of India

 

Year Name of Viceroy Events during the tenure
1856-1862 Lord Canning
  • Revolt of 1857
  • Establishment of three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857
  • Abolition of East India Company and transfer of power to the British Queen Government of India Act, 1858.
  • Indian Councils Act of 1861
1864-1869 Lord John Lawrence
  • Establishment of the High Courts at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras.
1876-1880 Lord Lytton
  • The Vernacular Press Act of 1878.
  • Arms Act (1878)
  •  Second Afghan War in 1878 to 1880.
  • Queen Victoria was crowned the Queen of India.
1880-1884 Lord Ripon
  • The first Factory Act was passed in 1881
  • Vernacular Press Act was repealed by him in 1882.
    Local self-government was formed.
  • Ilbert Bill controversy.
  • Hunter Commission on education (1882)
1884-1888 Lord Dufferin
  • Third Burmese War.
  • Establishment of Indian National Congress
1888-1894 Lord Lansdowne
  • Indian Councils Act in 1892.
  • Durand Commission in 1893
1899-1905 Lord Curzon
  • Indian Universities Act
  • Partition of Bengal
  • Appointment of Police Commission (1902)
  • Appointment of Universities Commission (1902)
1905-1910 Lord Minto II
  •  Swadeshi Movement. from 1905-11.
  • Establishment of Muslim League.
    Morley-Minto Reforms.
1910-1916 Lord Hardinge II
  • Annulment of Partition of Bengal
  • Transfer of capital from Calcutta to Delhi
  • Establishment of the Hindu Mahasabha
1916-1921 Lord Chelmsford
  • Lucknow pact.
  •  Champaran Satyagraha.
  • Montague’s August Declaration.
  • Government of India Act.
  •  Rowlatt Act, Jallianwalan Bagh massacre.
  • Launch of Non-Cooperation and Khilafat Movements
1921-1926 Lord Reading
  • Chauri Chaura incident in 1922 followed by withdrawal of Non-Cooperation Movement.
  • Establishment of Swaraj Party.
  • Kakori train robbery in 1925.
1926-1931 Lord Irwin
  • Simon Commission came to India
  •  Harcourt Butler Indian States Commission (1927).
  • Nehru Report (1928).
  • Lahore session of the Congress in 1929.
  • Dandi March and the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930).
  • First Round Table Conference (1930).
  • Gandhi-Irwin Pact (1931)
1931-1936 Lord Willingdon
  • Communal Award (1932)
  • Second & Third Round Table Conference (1932)
  • Poona Pact (1932)
  • Government of India Act of 1935
1936-1944 Lord Linlithgow
  • Second World War in 1939.
  • Tripuri Crisis & formation of Forward Bloc.
  • August Offer in 1940
  •  Formation of the Indian National Army.
  • Cripps Mission.
  • Quit India Movement
1944-1947 Lord Wavell
  • Wavell Plan and the Simla Conference (1942)
  • Cabinet Mission (1946)
  • Direct Action Day (1946)
  • Announcement of end of British rule in India by Clement Attlee (1947)
1947-1948 Lord Mountbatten
  • Radcliff commission of 1947.
  • India’s Independence on 15th August 1947

C Rajgopalachari was the last Governor General of India and after him, the post was ended.

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