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ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operation (IS4OM)

IS4OM- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 3: Science and Technology- Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

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ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operation in News

  • Recently, the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology inaugurated the “ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operation” (IS4OM) at ISRO Control Centre, in Bengaluru.
  • Around 60 Start-Ups have registered with ISRO since “unlocking” of the Indian Space sector recently by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
    • Many of them are dealing with projects related to Space debris management.
    • The other Start-Up proposals vary from nano-satellite, launch vehicle, ground systems, research etc.

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ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operation

  • About: S4OM is a facility that is conceived with a holistic approach towards ensuring safety and sustainability while reaping the benefits of sustainable utilization of outer space for national development.
  • Mandate: Multi-domain awareness platform S4OM will bring a prompt, accurate and efficient information on on-orbit collision, fragmentation, atmospheric re-entry risk, space based strategic information, hazardous asteroids and space weather forecast.
  • Key Function: S4OM facility will aid India in achieving its SSA (Space Situational Awareness) goals by providing a comprehensive and timely information of the Space environment to users.
  • Significance: IS4OM facility can support-
    • All routine operations safeguarding Indian space assets, mitigating collision threats from space objects through specific collision avoidance manoeuvres,
    • Information required for strategic purposes and
    • Research activities in Space Debris and Space Situational Awareness.


What is space debris?

  • Space junk or debris consist of spent rocket stages, dead satellites, fragments of space objects and debris resulting from ASAT (Anti-satellite weapons).
  • Moving at an average speed of 27,000 kmph in LEO, these objects pose a very real threat as collisions involving even centimetre-sized fragments can be lethal to satellites.
  • For protection of Indian satellites and other equipment in orbit, ISRO actively participates in all international efforts to contain the space debris growth for the long-term sustainability of outer space.

IN SPACe Inaugration: IN-SPACe Headquarters Inaugurated in Ahmedabad


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