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India Plastic Pact



  • GS 3: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.



  • India has become the first country in Asia to develop a plastic pact collaboration with Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and World-Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).


Key points

  • India Plastic Pact, on the lines of European plastics pact, will be a platform to promote a circular system for plastics.
  • The platform was launched by British High Commissioner to India, Alexander Ellis.
  • The India Plastics Pact is an ambitious, collaborative initiative that aims to bring together businesses, governments and NGOs to reduce, reuse, and recycle plastics in their value chain.
  • This plastics pact model focusses on addressing the barriers to circularity in the plastic packaging sector.


Plastic Waste Management Amendment Rules, 2021



  • The Pact defines a list of unnecessary or problematic plastic packaging and items and take measures to address them through redesign and innovation.
  • 100% of plastic packaging to be reusable or recyclable.
  • 50% of plastic packaging to be effectively recycled.
  • 25% average recycled content across all plastic packaging.


India Plastic Pact_3.1



  • The Pact aims to transform the current linear plastics system into a circular plastics economy that will help achieve the following objectives
  • Reduce the use of problematic plastics in India.
  • Retain valuable materials in the economy for use in other products.
  • Generate jobs, investment and opportunities in the plastics system in India.
  • The India Plastics Pact aims to promote public-private collaborations that enable solutions to eliminate the plastic waste problem in India and bring innovation to the way plastic is designed, used and reused.


Microplastic Pollution: Severity of the Problem, Its Impacts and Suggestive Measures


Plastic waste in India

  • India generates 9.46 million tonnes of plastic waste annually.
  • Out of the total waste generated, 40% is not collected.
  • About half of all plastics produced in the country are used in packaging, most of it is single use in nature.


What is circular economy?

  • The circular economy is a model of production and consumption, which involves sharing, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing and recycling existing materials and products as long as possible.



India Plastic Pact_4.1

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