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How to Vote in India- Eligibility Criteria, Steps to Vote in India

How to Vote in India: To qualify for voting, you must meet the criteria of being at least 18 years old and a citizen of India. Participating in Indian elections is a fundamental right bestowed upon every eligible citizen aged 18 and above. Exercising your right to vote holds significant importance, as it plays a pivotal role in shaping the course of your country or state for the subsequent five years. When you cast your vote, you have the opportunity to endorse the political party that aligns with your preferences and ideals.

The Election Commission of India (ECI) serves as the authoritative body overseeing and announcing the election results nationwide. Voting is a crucial privilege for every Indian citizen, and to partake in this democratic process, one must register as a voter. This registration can be completed either through online or offline channels.

How to Vote in India

  • Participating in elections in India is a unique opportunity open to all citizens aged 18 or above. To seize this chance, individuals must initially complete the registration process. The responsibility of managing voter registrations and facilitating the sign-up procedure for voting in India falls under the purview of the Election Commission of India (ECI). Presently, elections are underway in numerous states across India, providing an opportunity for all eligible citizens to engage in the voting process.
  • The Indian Constitution grants the right to vote to every Indian citizen aged 18 and above, irrespective of their background, with only a few exceptions. This is a universal right for all Indians.
  • As a voter, you are entitled to specific rights and benefits safeguarded by the Constitution, which also delineates the regulations governing the exercise of this privilege. While voting is not classified as a fundamental right, it is a legal right conferred upon citizens.

How to Vote in India- Voting Eligibility Criteria

In India, there are specific guidelines one must adhere to exercise the right to vote.

  • Citizenship Requirement: You must be an Indian citizen.
  • Age Criteria: You should be 18 years old or older on the 1st of January in the year when the voter list is updated.
  • Residence Qualification: Residencies in the area where you intend to vote, such as your neighbourhood or locality, is a prerequisite.

You are ineligible to vote if you fall into the following categories:

  • Non-Resident Indians (NRIs).
  • Individuals lacking mental soundness.
  • Those convicted of specific crimes.
  • Individuals are currently serving a prison sentence for any offence.

To determine your eligibility, you can employ two methods:

  • Online Check: Visit the National Voters’ Service Portal (NVSP) website at https://voters.eci.gov.in/.
  • Offline Check: Contact the Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) in your respective area.

How to Vote in India Online Process

Enrolling yourself for online voting is a straightforward and convenient process to attain voter status. Form 6, available on the National Voter’s Service Portal (NVSP) website, serves as the gateway to unlocking your voting rights. Simply complete the form and submit it to the Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) in your locality.

Upon verification of the details you provide, your name is included in the voter list. This online registration method is not exclusive to regular voters; it also accommodates individuals residing abroad (NRIs) and those requiring additional assistance to cast their votes. Here is a step-by-step guide:

  • Step-1. Visit the NVSP Website: Go to the NVSP website at https://voters.eci.gov.in/.
  • Step-2. Download Form 6: Obtain Form 6 from the website.
  • Step-3. Fill Out the Form: Complete the form with your relevant details.
  • Step-4. Submit the Form: Hand in the filled form to the Electoral Registration Office.
  • Step-5. Verification Process: The provided information will be thoroughly checked.
  • Step-6. Inclusion in the Voter List: After confirmation, your name is added to the Voter List.
  • Step-7. Final Confirmation: There may be a requirement for your final confirmation.

How to Vote in India Offline Process

For those who prefer the traditional method of voter registration, offline registration with the assistance of Booth Level Officers (BLOs) is an option. These officers will walk you through a straightforward process, ultimately resulting in the issuance of a voter ID card. Here are the essential steps for offline voter registration:

  1. Visit the BLO Office: Go to the office of the Booth Level Officer (BLO).
  2. Obtain Form 6: Request Form 6 from the BLO.
  3. Complete Form 6 Carefully: Fill out the form meticulously, providing all necessary details.
  4. Present Your Documents: Submit your Aadhar card, birth certificate, and a few photographs.
  5. BLO Verification: The BLO will conduct a thorough check of your form and documents.
  6. Receive Your Voter ID: Upon successful verification, you will receive your Voter ID card if all information is in order.

Form Requirs to Register to Vote in India

  • New or Change in Voting Location: If you’re a registered voter or wish to change your voting location, utilize Form 6.
  • Non-Resident Indians (NRIs): Non-resident Indians (NRIs) should use Form 6A.
  • Update Information on Voter List: For updating information such as name, photo, age, address, and more on the voter list, employ Form 7.
  • Changes in Personal Details: To make changes in personal details like name, photo, age, etc., complete Form 8.
  • Selection Criteria: Each form has a distinct purpose, so select the one that aligns with your specific situation.

Steps to Check Voter Registration Status Online

Follow these steps to verify your Voter Registration Status Online:

  1. Visit the National Voters’ Service Portal (NVSP) website at https://voters.eci.gov.in/.
  2. Locate and click on the “Track Application Status” option.
  3. Enter your “reference ID” and specify the state where you are registered to vote.
  4. Click the “Track Status” button.
  5. Your voter registration status will be displayed on the screen.
  • Reference ID: This unique number is provided when you apply for voter registration, and you can find it on the slip given to you after the application process.
  • State: This refers to the location where you are registered to vote.

Steps to Check Voter Registration Status Offline

  • Contact the Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) in your locality.
  • Provide your name, date of birth, and address to the ERO.
  • The ERO will retrieve your voter registration information and furnish you with the necessary details.
  • Easily locate the contact information for the ERO in your area on the NVSP website, and they will guide you through the process of becoming a registered voter.

Roles And Responsibility of Election Commission of India

The Election Commission of India (ECI) functions as the impartial overseer of India’s electoral processes. Established by our Constitution, this specialized team is entrusted with the crucial responsibility of ensuring the fairness and integrity of elections. The ECI not only supervises and manages the elections for the President and Vice President but also for the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

The constitutional authority vested in the ECI, as outlined in Article 324, empowers them to closely monitor and regulate the conduct of elections, ensuring adherence to established rules. Operating as a large and influential entity, the ECI serves both the Central government and state governments, playing a pivotal role in the electoral processes that impact the entire nation.

Functions of the Election Commission of India

  • The Election Commission acts as the guardian of elections in India, overseeing various electoral processes, including Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, state legislative assemblies, state legislative councils, and significant roles like President and Vice President.
  • Empowered by our Constitution, the Election Commission possesses special authority, akin to a rulebook, enabling them to ensure the smooth conduct of elections. They play a crucial role in monitoring and maintaining the integrity of the electoral process.
  • Similar to other vital bodies in the country, such as the higher courts, the Union Public Service Commission, and the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, the Election Commission operates with its own set of rules. Like these entities, the Election Commission is a permanent and important institution, following established procedures outlined in our Constitution.

How to Vote in India- Eligibility Criteria, Steps to Vote in India_3.1

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What are the rules of voting in India?

The voting person should be 18 years old or older and must be citizen of india.

Can I vote online in India?

Yes you can vote in India online by visiting the NVSP website at https://voters.eci.gov.in/.

Can one person have two voter ID?

Sure, so long as you only ever use one of them that being the card from the district in which you primarily live. It is illegal to vote twice and it is illegal to vote in one district in today's election and the other district in next year's election.

Is voter ID valid for passport?

A photo ID proof must be included with the passport application. A copy of any one of the following must be submitted: Voter ID.

Who appoints the election of India?

The President appoints Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners. They have tenure of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.

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