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Garib Kalyan Sammelan- Celebrating 8 years of Governance

Garib Kalyan Sammelan- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: Governance, Administration and Challenges- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

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Garib Kalyan Sammelan in News

  • Recently, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi addressed ‘Garib Kalyan Sammelan’ in Shima, Himachal Pradesh.
  • To commemorate 8 years of the landmark achievements of the Government, MyGov has also launched the Sabka Vikas Maha Quiz that will enable citizens to participate, play and learn about the development taking place in the country.

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What is Garib Kalyan Sammelan?

  • Garib Kalyan Sammelan conceptualizes elected public representatives across the country directly interacting with the public to get feedback about the various welfare programmes being run by the government.
  • Garib Kalyan Sammelan is a public programme marking the completion of eight years of the government led by the Prime Minister.
  • Organization: Garib Kalyan Sammelan is being organized across the country at State Capitals, District Headquarters, and Krishi Vigyan Kendras.
  • The last 8 years of the Government have been based on the Prime Minister’s mantra of‘Reform, Perform, Transform’.
  • Across sectors, landmark policies and initiatives have been implemented to improve last mile delivery of benefits and enhance development outcomes across the country.

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Pro-Poor Policies of the Government

  • Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas, Sabka Vishwas, Sabka Prayaas’: It became the cornerstone of policies aimed at improving the lives of the underprivileged.
  • Various Pro-Poor Schemes: Schemes such as PM Ujjwala Yojana, PM SVANidhi Scheme, Jal Jeevan Mission, Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan have all been instrumental in providing basic amenities and improving the quality of living of the poor.
  • PM Jan Dhan Yojana: Under it, over 45 crore people were brought into the formal banking sector, further enabling ₹6 Lakh Cr worth of Direct Benefit Transfers (DBT) to beneficiaries.
  • Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana: To reduce and counter the Impact of COVID-19, Government schemes such as PM Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana led to free distribution of rations to more than 80 Cr underprivileged people.
  • Support to Agriculture Sector:
    • PM-KISAN: Initiatives such as PM KISAN have been transformational in strengthening the agriculture sector by providing ₹6,000 every year to over 11 Cr farmers across the nation.
    • PM Fasal Bima Yojana: ₹2 Lakh Cr has been disbursed for insurance claims under the PM Fasal Bima Yojana and 167 kisan rail routes have been operationalised to improve farm to market logistics.

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Government Schemes for Transforming Healthcare sector

  • Countering the COVID-19 Pandemic: Through a concerted push by the Government, India became home to the largest and fastest vaccination drive in the world.
    • Infrastructure: During the pandemic, healthcare facilities were also ramped up including inauguration of multiple oxygen plants and increasing PPE manufacturing capacity from 0 to second largest in the world.
    • Use of Technology: To ensure that vaccinations reached the remotest parts of the country drone technology was used and for the first time in the world the entire vaccination drive was digitized.
  • Ayushman Bharat Yojna: viewing healthcare as an important pillar for economic growth, the Government launched the world’s largest insurance coverage scheme- Ayushman Bharat Yojana, wherein 3.26 Cr citizens availed free medical treatment.
  • Janaushadhi Kendras: To increase the availability of affordable medicines over 8,700 Janaushadhi Kendras were established in the country that aid in 50-90% savings in medicine costs.
  • Creating Health Infrastructure: recognising the need for increased penetration of healthcare delivery across the nation, the Government operationalised 6 new AIIMS and increased medical colleges by 55% in the country.

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Building Quality Infrastructure towards ensuring Ease of Living

  • Ensuring Last Mile Connectivity: With a major push towards infrastructure development focused on enhancing last mile connectivity in the country, the remotest regions have also witnessed never seen before development.
    • Important Projects: Projects such as Atal Tunnel, Bogibeel Bridge and airports in Sikkim & Tripura, are all examples of the aforementioned progress.
  • Tax Reforms: landmark reforms such as GST have eased the burden on taxpayers by helping households save upto 4% of their monthly expenditures.
  • Ensuring Ease of Living through Digitization: Through a concerted focus on digitisation through the Digital India initiative, processes such as tax filing, insurance claims and government paperwork have been streamlined and simplified.
    • This has also been made possible through an unprecedented increase in the number of digital users in the country.

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY)


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