Civil Disobedience Campaign in Sudan- Relevance for UPSC Exam
- GS Paper 2: International Relations- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests.
Civil Disobedience Campaign in Sudan- Context
- Recently, Civil disobedience campaign was launched by protesters in Sudan against military rule in Sudan.
- Earlier protesters called for a two-days of civil disobedience against last month’s military takeover.
Civil Disobedience Campaign in Sudan- Background
- Earlier, local resistance committees and the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA) led demonstrations in the uprising that toppled then-president Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.
- Sudan’s Transitional Military Council (TMC) seized power in April after removing al-Bashir on the back of months-long protests against his three-decade rule.
- Since then, protest against military rule and demand for democracy in Sudan is continuing in one or another form.
Civil Disobedience Campaign in Sudan- Key Points
- Recently, Sudanese pro-democracy groups launched two days of civil disobedience and strikes to protest last month’s military coup.
- Participation appeared to be limited because of continuing interruptions to internet and phone connections.
- Security forces used tear gas to break up their sit-in at the education ministry building for Khartoum State staged to oppose any handover to military appointees.
- Dozens of teachers carried banners reading “no, no to military rule” and demanded a transition to “full civilian rule” at a rally outside the Education Ministry in the capital Khartoum.
- Definition: Civil disobedience is the active, professed refusal of a citizen to obey certain laws, demands, orders or commands of a government, corporation or other authority, without resorting to violence or active measures of opposition.
- its usual purpose is to force concessions from the government or occupying power.
- Civil Disobedience Movement in India: CDM in India was launched by Mahatma Gandhi against British Colonial Government in 1930. Gandhi jee broke the salt law by making salt at Dandi, Gujarat.
- Since then, Citizens of many countries used the method of CDM against their oppressive authoritarian regimes and to bring democracy-like institutions to their country.