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Beating Retreat Ceremony

Beating Retreat Ceremony- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 1: Indian History- Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

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Beating Retreat Ceremony- Context

  • Recently, the Union Government has dropped the hymn ‘Abide with me’ from ‘Beating Retreat’ Ceremony 2022.
  • The Government sources said that India is celebrating the 75th year of Independence, and playing of Indian tunes is considered more appropriate.
  • ‘Abide With Me’ hymn was written by Lyte in 1820 after visiting a friend, who in his last moments continually uttered “abide with me”, a request to ease his pain.
  • Abide With Me has been replaced by Kavi Pradeep’s seminal piece ‘Aye Mere Watan Ke Logon’.
    • ‘Aye Mere Watan Ke Logon’ was written in the wake of the Sino-Indian War, and went on to become a tableau of Indian nationalism.
    • ‘Aye Mere Watan Ke Logon’ song was first sung on January 27, 1963. It was composed by C Ramachandra and sung by Lata Mangeshkar.

Azadi Ke Amrit Mahotsav se Swarnim Bharat Ke Ore | Seven Initiatives of Brahma Kumaris


Beating Retreat Ceremony- Key Points

  • Historical Background: Originally known as ‘Watch Setting’, Beating Retreat Ceremony traces its origin from 17th century England when King James II ordered his troops to beat drums, lower flags and organise a parade to announce the end of a day of combat.
    • In India: Beating Retreat Ceremony was performed for the first time in India in the 1950’s when Elizabeth II and Prince Philip visited India for the first time after India attained Independence from the British.
  • Beating Retreat Ceremony Meaning: It makes the end of a day’s fighting when the troops ceased fighting, sheathed their arms and withdrew from the battlefield and returned to the camps at sunset at the sounding of the Retreat.
  • About: Beating Retreat Ceremony in India is a military ceremony that officially marks the end of the Republic Day festivities.
  • Beating Retreat Ceremony Date: Beating Retreat Ceremony is conducted on the third day after Republic Day (January 29 every year).
  • Beating Retreat Ceremony Venue: Beating Retreating Ceremony is held at Raisina Hills (an area in New Delhi).
  • Beating Retreat Ceremony Performance: It is performed by the pipe band of Indian Army-massed bands of Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, Indian Army.
    • Since 2016, Beating Retreat Ceremony is also performed by the bands of Delhi Police and Central Armed Police Force (CAPF).
    • Section D in the Ministry of Defence, India is entrusted with conducting the Beating Retreat Ceremony.


“Abide with me” Hymn: Interesting Facts

  • “Abide with me” Hymn was played at the wedding of Queen Elizabeth II. It was also played by musicians as the Titanic went down.
  • During World War I, Edith Cavell, a British nurse, would go on to sing it the night before she was shot by a German squad for helping British soldiers escape from occupied Belgium.
  • Abide With Me was one of Mahatma Gandhi’s personal favorites. The Father of the Nation first heard the piece played by Mysore Palace Band, and could not forget its tenderness and serenity.

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Azadi Ke Amrit Mahotsav se Swarnim Bharat Ke Ore | Seven Initiatives of Brahma Kumaris\

Azadi Ke Amrit Mahotsav se Swarnim Bharat Ke Ore | Seven Initiatives of Brahma Kumaris

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