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A Climate Dividend- India at the COP26 of the UNFCCC

A Climate Dividend- Relevance for UPSC Exam

  • GS Paper 2: International Relations- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
  • GS Paper 3: Environment- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation.

A Climate Dividend- India at the COP26 of the UNFCCC_40.1

 

A Climate Dividend- Context

  • India may face pressure at the COP26 of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Glasgow for adopting a timeline for Net Zero carbon dioxide emissions.
  • India is adopting the stand that a national deadline for net-zero carbon dioxide emissions is uncalled for.
    • India still has very per capita emissions in comparison to other developed countries like the USA and European Countries.

UN Glasgow Climate Change Conference (COP 26)

 

A Climate Dividend- Expected outcomes Glasgow Conference

  • Global Carbon Budget: Remaining carbon budget calculated at between 420-580 Gigatonnes of CO2 for achieving the Paris Climate Goals.
  • Big Emitters: China, the U.S. and the EU collective, representing the highest emissions, are expected to occupy a big share of the remaining budget.
  • India’s Stand: India will again rely on its historical energy poverty, underdevelopment and low per capita emissions to convince the world that a net-zero target is incongruous with the present reality.

18th India-ASEAN Summit

 

A Climate Dividend- Way Forward

  • Sharing the global carbon budget: Countries must responsibly share the carbon budget in order to keep the global average temperature rise within safe limits- well below 2° C or 1.5° C under the Paris Agreement.
  • India should avoid taking a minimalist approach: in order to minimize global repercussions of climate change and India’s own alarming losses from periodic extreme weather events.
  • Cooperation and Convergence with the World: India can seek convergence with the world on-
    • Identifying green growth pathways, aligning future investments with a smart recovery plan for COVID-19,
    • Embracing renewable energy more widely and averting long-term lock-in effects of fossil fuel dependence in energy generation, buildings, mobility and so on.
  • Fulfilling Commitment: Rich countries must deliver on the promised $100 billion a year from 2020 to help poor nations adapt to climate change.
  • Multi-sectoral energy transition: India should follow this approach to reduce the impact of climate change.

16th East Asia Summit (EAS) 2021

 

A Climate DividendConclusion

  • It is essential for governments to draw up precise technological, socio-economic, and financial policies and requirements to demonstrate a commitment to the 1.5° C goal.
  • India must seize the moment and present convincing plans that will be rolled out in the present decade in order to attract climate finance, even while buttressing the argument for a medium-term window to taper down carbon emissions.

 

14th Urban Mobility India (UMI) Conference

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